Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). The Great Black Bear. Tamed, with nose ring and head strap in slightly bent position to the right before a boulder on a sloping ledge. Colored etching with engraving. Inscribed: VRSVS, MAXIMVS NIGER. / Der große Schwarze Bär. / L’ours grand et noir. / Familia IV. Fünffzähige. / J. El. Ridinger fec. et excud. A.V. 12 × 8¼ in (30.5 × 20.8 cm).
Thienemann & Schwarz 1079. – IN THE RIDINGERS’ ORIGINAL COLORING from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.
“ The bear belongs to the indigenous animals in Europe
and his fatherland actually ranges from Poland up to the outmost northern borders … His inhabitation is in the thickest wildernesses on mountains … In Poland they are tamed and instructed in all kinds of arts … and makes them a ring through the nose … Their fur is very warm and one uses it to great benefit for sundry services ”
(Ridinger’s sons in the preamble to pt. II, pp. 13 f. [German] & 11 f. [French] resp., enclosed in copy).
The great black bear figures similarly as plate 2 in Ridinger’s numbered 4-plate set of the bears in black and white, too, (Th. 525-528), in which he “looks down in rage from a rock to which he clings. Excellent!”. So Th. 526, to continue:
“ I own this plate where the executed sky is omitted and the caption, the headline, too, is arranged
in the manner of the sheets intended for coloring .
However, I doubt that they have been used for this. I have seen several of this kind, but all in black only. ”
In the unrepeated 2-volume catalog of Ritter von Gutmann’s unique Ridinger collection – here available in the baron’s copy as No. I of the two Roman numbered ones in their featurewise noble extras – Ignaz Schwarz describes this state variant as follows:
“ Above the headline: ‘VRSVS major’. Below in the center of the German and French text: Q.D.S.XXV. Familia IV. Fünffzähige. ”
Thus quite in the manner of the plates of the Colored Animal Kingdom! As recurrently known there for first states with the Q.D.S.XXV. as the respective
reference to Jacob Theodor Klein’s famous 1751 Quadrupedum … !
Probably due to the bear’s high position Ridinger regarded this unsuitable for his Animal Kingdom, but convenient for the bear set, where in the course of the alteration the textual Animal Kingdom specifics remained in place. And Th.’s 526 variant – Schwarz 526a – proves to be the altered first state of present Animal Kingdom bear Th. 1079.
With Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein of the Ludolph estate, which comprises nothing but original items.”
With watermark C & I Honig as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses
“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works
“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.4-3.2 cm, below 5.4 cm wide. – Faint tidemark in the lower white plate/paper field and two faint (little) brown spots in the white plate field right.
Offer no. 15,928 / EUR 590. / export price EUR 561. (c. US$ 718.) + shipping
Ridinger’s Colored Animal Kingdom in Original Coloring
- “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)↩
“ Thanks for shipping the print. It has arrived here in excellent shape. Happy holidays ”
(Mr. H. A. P., December 12, 2001)