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Johann Elias Ridinger, Black Bear

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). The Great Black Bear. Tamed, with nose ring and head strap in slightly bent position to the right before a boulder on a sloping ledge. Colored etching with engraving. Inscribed: VRSVS, MAXIMVS NIGER. / Der große Schwarze Bär. / L’ours grand et noir. / Familia IV. Fünffzähige. / J. El. Ridinger fec. et excud. A.V. 12 × 8¼ in (30.5 × 20.8 cm).

Thienemann & Schwarz 1079. – IN  THE  RIDINGERS’  ORIGINAL  COLORING  from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.

The  great  black  bear  figures similarly as plate 2 in Ridinger’s numbered 4-plate set of the bears in black and white, too, (Th. 525-528), in which he “looks down in rage from a rock to which he clings. Excellent!”. So Th. 526, to continue:

“ I own this plate where the executed sky is omitted and the caption, the headline, too, is arranged

in  the  manner  of  the  sheets  intended  for  coloring .

However, I doubt that they have been used for this. I have seen several of this kind, but all in black only. ”

In the unrepeated 2-volume catalog of Ritter von Gutmann’s unique Ridinger collection – here available in the baron’s copy as No. I of the two Roman numbered ones in their featurewise noble extras – Ignaz Schwarz describes this state variant as follows:

“ Above the headline: ‘VRSVS major’. Below in the center of the German and French text: Q.D.S.XXV. Familia IV. Fünffzähige. 

Thus quite in the manner of the plates of the Colored Animal Kingdom! As recurrently known there for first states with the Q.D.S.XXV. as the respective

reference  to  Jacob  Theodor  Klein’s  famous  1751  Quadrupedum … !

Probably due to the bear’s high position Ridinger regarded this unsuitable for his Animal Kingdom, but convenient for the bear set, where in the course of the alteration the textual Animal Kingdom specifics remained in place. And Th.’s 526 variant – Schwarz 526a – proves to be the altered first state of present Animal Kingdom bear Th. 1079.

With Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein of the Ludolph estate, which comprises nothing but original items.”

With watermark C & I Honig as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on  account  of  the  fine  illumination”  for  the  colored  works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.4-3.2 cm, below 5.4 cm wide. – Faint tidemark in the lower white plate/paper field and two faint (little) brown spots in the white plate field right.

Offer no. 15,928 / EUR  590. / export price EUR  561. (c. US$ 649.) + shipping

Ridinger’s Colored Animal Kingdom in Original Coloring

available in

A Great Plenitude of Individual Plates

&

An Absolutely Exceptional Complete Provenance Copy

  1. “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)

“ … I was digging and I found you. I needed to tell you that your collection for whatever reason has brought tears to my eyes. Thank you … I’m not a collector, or I haven’t known myself to be … I was going to sell this (sheet), but I just may have discovered that I’m to keep this for whatever reason. Have you made a collector out of me … For all your devotion, hardwork … I thank you ”

(Mrs. D. H., June 17, 2002)

 

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