Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Whitish Tiger (recte Cougar/Puma). Colored etching with engraving. Inscribed: TIGRE ALBVS. / Weißlichter Tyger. / Tigre blanchatre. / Familia IV. Fünffzähige. / Ex Collection D. Kleinii. / J. El. Ridinger fec. et excud. A.V. 12⅛ × 8⅛ in (30.8 × 20.7 cm).
Thienemann & Schwarz 1075. – IN THE RIDINGERS’ ORIGINAL COLORING from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.
With Jacob Theodor Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein
of the Ludolph estate , which comprises nothing but original items. ”
“ The Latin name is correct here. It is the American Lion, or the Cougar . Klein calls it the American tiger. He leaps up at a boulder and we see him furiously from behind ”
(Th.). And Ridinger’s sons themselves in the preamble on this:
“ With respect to these beasts there is a frequent contradiction with the writers themselves and quite often they have confused with each other the leopard, the panther animal and the tiger. In recent time many such animals have been brought to Europe indeed … However, since for our part we do not dare to decide due to a lack of sufficient and convincing first-hand experience, we have presented this species of animals here just as we have seen it from time to time … Thus we have tried to make it as well as was possible for us and feel compelled to ask for forbearance if we should not have fully satisfied all expectations. “
The position of the beast furiously leaping up at a boulder quite related to Th. 718, the “Lioness assailed at Her Young Ones by a Bear” as sheet 3 of the first four plates of the complete extremely rare Fights of Killing Animals held back for decades for socio-political caution.
On C & I Honig paper as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses
“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works
“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.8-3.2 cm, below 5.4 cm wide. – Quite faint tidemark on the back quite minimally showing through in the lower white text/paper field.
Offer no. 15,974 / EUR 535. / export price EUR 508. (c. US$ 587.) + shipping
Ridinger’s Colored Animal Kingdom in Original Coloring
- “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)↩
„ Das Bild ist heute zu meiner vollsten Zufriedenheit eingetroffen … Für die reibungslose und prompte Lieferung dankend, verbleibt mit den besten Endjahreswünschen, freundlichst Ihr … “
(Herr K. v. F., 16. Dezember 2008)