“ Sought for its Soft and Beautifully Spotted Fur ”
(Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed. )
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Genet Cat. Famous for its fur, attentively on flat rise before shrubbery to the left. Colored etching/engraving. Inscribed: COATI, GENITTA Hispanica. / Genith-Katze. / Le Chat d’Espagne. / Familia IV. Fünffzähige. / Ex Collection. D. Kleinii. / J. El. Ridinger fec. et excud. A.V. 12⅜ × 8¼ in (31.5 × 21.1 cm).
IN THE RIDINGERS’ ORIGINAL COLORING
from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.
“ … inhabits the countries of the Atlas Mountains, but is also found in Spain and Southern France, prefers humid, shrub-rich regions … Its coat provides sought after fur. Charles Martel (“Savior of the Christian-Germanic culture … [in the face of the] violent brunt of the Arabs in Spain and Aquitaine”, Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th ed., IX , 511) took many clothes furnished with this fur after the victory over the Saracens in 732 and
instituted an Order of the Genet
whose members were the first princes ”
(Meyers, op. cit., XVI , 893/II per Civet Cat). – And Ridinger’s sons in addition in the preamble:
“ This animal … carries a sac behind, too, which is filled with a sweet-scented juice and perspires such … In the regular spots its coat surpasses still the aforementioned civet cat … and in its behavior it is similar to all the rest of the species of the cats. ”
Final state with the Familia line within the caption slightly moved up after the removal of the “Q. D. S. XXVIII.” as reference to Jacob Theodor Klein’s Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751 unbeknown to Thienemann.
With Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein
of the Ludolph estate , which comprises nothing but original items. ”
Watermarked Strasbourg fleur-de-lis above arms + C & I Honig (type Heawood 64/Churchill 428) as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses
“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works
“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.8-3 cm, below 5.1 cm wide. – Some also a little larger brown spots in the white text field.
Offer no. 16,019 / EUR 490. / export price EUR 466. (c. US$ 566.) + shipping
Ridinger’s Colored Animal Kingdom in Original Coloring
- “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)↩
“ I am curious as to the history of this (original Ridinger printing) plate (I just bought) and the others you have offered. Did you purchase them from the Ridinger estate (indirectly, indeed) or a private collector? These are truly rare one of a kind pieces ”
(Mr. L. A. F., October 28, 2003)