niemeyer’s starts a historical quarter
300th Landing Day
Valk / Valck, Gerard (1651/52 Amsterdam 1726). Regna Hispaniarum atque Portugalliæ: Ex recenti, summâ curâ punctorum charactere, Suas in Provincias, Territoria et Dioeceses; Geographicè, Politicè, Ecclesiasticè. With splendid decorated title (10 × 12¾ in [25.5 × 32.5 cm]) and dedication cartouche (6½ × 8⅛ in [16.5 × 20.5 cm]), both with Spanish-German and French-Italian miles indicator resp., a small separate map of Minorca (3⅜ × 3½ in [8.5 × 9 cm]), and conventional signs. Colored
in the Course of the Spanish War of Succession
as a European Event
including Majorca, Minorca and the northern tip of Morocco engraved on 4 joined sheets. 1704. Inscribed: Amstelodm, ex Offic. G. Valk. Cum Privilegio, Potentiß. D. D. Ordinum, Hollandiæ et West-frisiæ. / by G. Valk, met Privilegie van haar Ed: Groot Mog. de Staaten van Holland en West-vriesland / Annô hôc intercalari MDCCIIII, otherwise as above. 38⅜ × 45½ in (97.5 × 115.5 cm).
Not in Koeman (1969) + Phillips (1909-63), unknown to Tooley’s Dictionary (1979, there only the wall-maps of world and continents of 1680; the Asia map mentioned in IMAGO MUNDI XXXV, p. 31 para. 5 as “ca. 1700”). – Whether it perhaps has been contained in the 6-vol. Valk-Atlas Nova totius geographica telluris projectio of c. 1717 “with (its) 508 maps far larger than any recorded by Koeman” – Sotheby’s London April 4, 1989, lot 199 – must be left undecided. Also if the description of the British Library signature 18185 (12) concerns this map because is it not marked as a four sheet map as done in comparable cases. So, e.g., as to the Spain wall-map by Mortier K. 71.21, which is preceded by a later one of the same title, but without such addition, under 18315 (4). But also Valk’s wall-map set of world and continents emphatically recorded with their measures. – Apart from that
not in the 1971-2000 noble lists redacted by the British Library
of international Notable Acquisitions and Unusual Items that have come up for Sale resp. in I. M. The only one wall-map of the Iberian Peninsula there the Gastaldi map of 1544; known otherwise a copy of the already mentioned Mortier wall-map of ca. 1704-06 traded here into a Rhenish collection and after its reacquisition more than twenty years later immediately into a public library in 1993. Interesting especially as the statements of its cartouches follow those of Valk’s map offered here. In such a manner then not only a
CARTOGRAPHIC RARITY OF THE HIGHEST ORDER
but also by focus on the Spanish War of Succession (1701-1714)
of eminently historical importance :
in 1704 as the remarkable year of the war – be sure to pay attention to niemeyer’s aha page in August, too ! – also in regard of other events the prospective Emperor Charles VI – son of Emperor Leopold I (d. 1705), brother of his successor Joseph I (d. 1711) – disembarked with 12000 men of allied English-Dutch troops first in Lisbon, then, as loyal to him, too, in Catalonia, “after he had been
proclaimed as Charles III to be King of Spain in Vienna in 1703 ”
(Meyer’s Konvers.-Lex., 4th ed., vol. IX , p. 518). The map dedication following this event :
“ PRINCIPI CAROLO LEOPOLDI CÆSARIS
Filio, secundò genito;
IMPERATORVM MAGNO, et QVINTO …
Totus dum Acclamat Orbis;
VIVat HIspanorVM,. Penes EVropæos,
InDos et VtrosqVe, TertIVs ReX CaroLVs ” !
The date given first – as in context with maps very scarce – as chronogram, then repeated by the fine leap-year reference “Annô hôc intercalari MDCCIIII”.
The landing first in Lisbon not by chance as Dom Pedro II of Portugal had joined the great Habsburg alliance in the year before. On August 3, 1704 the allied English under George Byng, Lord Vicomte of Torrington conquered then Gibraltar to hold it unchanged in their possession on the 300rd anniversary, too. Less long-term the fortune of war developed for Charles. Certainly, he could hold his own in Valencia, Catalonia, and Aragon, also Madrid could be taken by an English-Portuguese army in 1706, but only until the next year when it got lost again to Philipp V, the grandson of Louis XIV of France, together with the southern provinces. After a renewed turning-point of war Charles could march into Madrid again, indeed, in September 1709 – in 1708 he had already married Elisabeth of Brunswick-Luneburg in Barcelona – , but followed by a significant defeat of his troops in December 1710. Preceding the change of the politcal general weather situation in 1711, being conditioned not least by the own power growth as successor of Emperor Joseph I, in which connection he had installed his wife still as regent of Spain before his return to Germany. – Valk’s
representative colored wall-map
is the compliment of welcome of an entrepreneur of the joined camp to a decisive event as not without example. So forty years later, 1744, Ridinger dedicated two Bavarian local works to the Wittelsbach elector Charles Albert on occasion of his return as Emperor Charles VII to Munich and his Hubertusburg Badger to the 1763 conclusion of peace at Hubertusburg (Seven Years’ War).
Surely not by chance, too, that the map was furnished with road net ( “‘s Heeren ofte Groote Weegen” ) to be mentioned together as an early example. Besides
of extraordinary decoration + best condition
though the cartouches remained uncolored as widely timely and as it is supported also by the Atlas of the Great Elector.
On heavy paper of perfect freshness and impeccable condition except for a few mostly quite tiny repaired tears in the 3-3.5 cm wide white margins. Center and three long folds, one of them with a repaired finely little break.
Offer no. 28,680 / price on application
„ vielen Dank für Ihre Sendung (Würbs, Halle/Saale, von Presslers Garten aus gesehen). Damit war Weihnachten ein voller Erfolg … “
(Frau M. R., 25. Dezember 2011)