pecus — the livestock
pecunia — the possession

Ridinger, Spanish Bull
Ridinger , Spanish Bull. Taureau d’Espagne

“ In  April  the  Sun
enters  the  Sign  of  Taurus ”

(Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th edition)


is  Taurus

« loves possession , money , good food , good drink ,

comfort , snugness , having more than the neighbor … elegance

… the possession – not just the mere sight – of all beautiful

his pleasure in

collecting  works  of  art …

And as epicure he has taste.

Not just his tongue is refined – also his color and shape sense.

Possession leads to intimate acquaintance

with the standard of possession, with the money …

He is the born capitalist.

Wealth originally was the wealth in livestock.

The Latin word pecunia originates from the word

pecus , the cattle »

V.-M. von Winter, (Taurus) in (The Types of Man)

Ullstein TB 55, 1959, pages 33 ff.

“ It  is  not  easy

to  find  a  more  splendid  growth ”

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Spanish Bull. Pied, standing to the left. Colored etching/engraving after supposedly the Imperial court painter Johann Georg de H. (Brussels 1672 – Vienna 1737), nevertheless inscribed here as “J. C.” de H. Inscribed: TAURUS Hispanicus. / Spanischer Stier. / Taureau d’Espagne. / Familia II. Zweÿhufig. / J. C. de Hamilton pinx. / J. El. R. fec. 12⅜ × 8⅛ in (31.5 × 20.5 cm).

Thienemann & Schwarz 986. – IN  THE  RIDINGERS’  ORIGINAL  COLORING  from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25. – Thienemann:

Ridinger, Spanish Bull

“A fine piebald

of  this  variety  much  preferred  by  the  Spaniards

for  their  fights , with  enormous  ruffle .”

“ It yet follows … and these are the Spanish bulls, the illustration of which we owe to the kindness of Mr. Hamilton in Vienna.

It  is  not  easy  to  find  a  more  splendid  growth .

These animals also run about freely in the woodlands and become onerous and dangerous for many a traveler when they position themselves in hollow and narrow paths. At certain times they are captured and then

the  well-known  and  famous  bull  fights

are held with them, in which the Spaniards hold a regular duel with these animals on horseback and on foot in honor of their mistresses, whereat quite many a one has lost his life ”

(Ridinger’s sons in the preamble to pt. I, pp. 20 f., enclosed in copy).

With watermark C & I Honig as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on  account  of  the  fine  illumination”  for  the  colored  works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.7-2.8 cm, below 4.5 cm wide. – Isolated tiny spots in the white platefield.

Offer no. 15,952 / EUR  1480. / export price EUR  1406. (c. US$ 1700.) + shipping

Start  as  Graphic  Artist  of  Distinction

Johann Elias Ridinger, Animal Pieces

Elias  Ridinger  sculpsit  Aqua  forti

Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Animal Pieces. Set of 6 sheet. Etchings after Johann Heinrich Roos (Otterberg, Palatinate, 1631 – Frankfort on the Main 1685). Between 1724 + 1728. Inscribed varyingly: Iohan Hein. Roos invent. et del. / Elias Ridinger sculpsit Aqua forti. 10½-10⅝ × 12⅛-12⅜ in (26.8-27 × 30.7-31.3 cm).

Thienemann + Schwarz (ills. I, p. 104) 797-802; Jedding, Roos, 1998, p. 169; Coppenrath part II, 1577 ( “Very rare set”, 1889 ! ); Reich auf Biehla 167 ( Extremely rare”, 1894 ! ); Ridinger catalog Darmstadt, 1999, IV.10-15, fully illustrated. – In Weigel’s Art Stock Catalog, parts I-XXVIII (1840-1857) as the one and only the copy before any letter only, IX, 10322, of 1840. – Watermarked Crown + word mark.

The very fine copy of the collection “EK” with its small blue round monogram stamp (ligated, Lugt 3549, not identified, drawings and prints of the 17th to 19th centuries) on the back of these bewitchingly beautiful etchings marked with “Aqua forti”, at the same time the

largest  Ridinger-Rooses

with still partial light façette dirt,

absolutely  untrimmed  up  to  the  intact  deckle-edge

(top + bottom 7-7.5 cm wide-margined, laterally 10-10.5 cm), thus still with the two pinholes on the left from hanging up for drying! – Totally two/three acid-freely backed minitears in the outmost margin. Back of sheet 6 slightly age-spotted of which two spots and slightly larger light brown stains each shining through the right margin. Smoothed centerfolds.

Johann Elias Ridinger, Animal Pieces after Johann Heinrich Roos VI
Rock Landscape with Billy-goat, Sheep, and Lambs
Johann Elias Ridinger, Animal Pieces after Johann Heinrich Roos V
Bull, Cow, Goat, Resting Sheep
Johann Elias Ridinger, Animal Pieces after Johann Heinrich Roos IV
A Saddled Ass and a Group of Sheep
Johann Elias Ridinger, Animal Pieces after Johann Heinrich Roos III
Old Horse surrounded by Sheep, Goats etc.

In regard of the state with Hertel’s address “Iohann Georg Hertli excud. Aug. Vind.” (Thieme-Becker XVI, 552: progenitor of the Augsburg family of engravers, who later, after buying a part of J. Wolff’s publishing house, founded a publishing house himself; still lived about 1760) on the first sheet analogously to Th. + Schwarz. The rough classification of the states: before any address – Wolff Heirs – Hertel . – The plate numbering results in the sequence Th. 797 – 798 – 802 – 801 – 800 – 799 .

Among the sceneries of this suite that for Thienemann “turned out far better” compared with the first

the  art-historically  important , warmly  felt  sujet  of  the  old  horse ,

of  which  Brockes  said  one  would  look  at  it

“ Not  with  pleasure  and  yet  with  great  pleasure ”.

Indirect model of this beautiful sheet is the drawing of the resting animals in rocky landscape with the standing old horse turned to the right by Johann Heinrich Roos in Augsburg (inv. no. G. 1671; a further one under Z.419 in Coburg), published as no. 54 in the baroque catalog of 1987, of which it is supposed that Ridinger owned it together with its pendant, the well-known

Johann Elias Ridinger, Bull with Bell

Bull  with  the  Bell

That 30 years later Ridinger, what has been missed in the Augsburg catalog, memorialized the sujet of present sheet Th.

– A  Quite  Old  Jade –

once more with the same turn to the left, but now in a typical autonomous environment

–  on  a  forest  path  in  front  of  a  suggestively  mighty  old  tree
and  disintegrating  fence  –

reminds of both Brockes’ aforesaid intellectual agitation and especially of Roos’ model extending far into the time. Which in one further generation then also Joseph Georg Wintter followed 1783 by a drawing traded here together with its etching.

But the chain extends ahead of Roos himself, too. So the Roos catalog Kaiserslautern 1985 reminds of influences by Berchem and Dujardin while Nikulin in the 1987 Hermitage catalog thinks of van Laer (1592/95-1642).

This in the context here therefore of particular interest as in recent time general Netherlandish influences have been claimed for Ridinger by several sides independent of each other which to follow already earlier literature encouraged.

In such a way the “Decrepit Old Horse” dominating the group here proves to be beyond its pictorial-intellectual charm

a  highly  interesting , demonstrative  link  in  chronologically  both  directions .

On the general social classification of the set Stefan Morét says in the Darmstadt catalog (p. 27) :

“ Also in the works of the Roos family the elaboration and impressive reproduction of the individual ‘character’ of the portrayed animals is a central intent. This it may have been what Ridinger caused to etch several (4 or 5 resp.) series after drawings of Johann Heinrich Roos at the outset of his career …

Supposedly Ridinger was interested in the exact and impressive portrayal of the characteristic qualities or tempers of the depicted animals of his model, thus the somewhat dull staring of the ox, the dozing of the sheep, the vigilance of the goat. In Ridinger’s set ‘Design of Several Animals’ published since 1738 one observes a quite similar interest for the ‘actions and passions’ of the animals that, however, is due to Ridinger’s natural scientific inclinations.

In the time of their coming into being the animal pieces in Italian landscape after Johann Heinrich Roos were interpreted as

alternatives  to  the  bourgeois  urban  life .

Also in the 18th century they could be understood that way … . ”

And even in 1900 Helbing valued a brilliant copy of the set with 60 Goldmark equally to the suite of the Four Seasons of the Hunter or half of a fine copy of the 23-sheet set of the Fair Game and higher than the brilliant yet trimmed impressions of the Imperials Th. 67/68 (50 Goldmark).

Offer no. 28,485 / EUR  1750. / export price EUR  1663. (c. US$ 2010.) + shipping

– – – The Bull with the Bell apart – see the illustration – in the

marvelous  print  of  the  Frisch  collection

obviously in an intermediate state – see the rough classification of the same above – after presumed removal of address and numbering in the center. The removal of the type as presumed for the leaf here on a length of well about 13 cm suggests the address of Wolff including the privilege. But its end looks like a date as unknown here for Wolff. In the middle could have been a number as Schwarz recorded for the Hertel state of no. 797, the numbering of which in the above copy yet deviatingly far below right. Just as the “J.” H. Roos quoted by Schwarz 800 instead of the usual “I.” as also registered here for Th.-Schwarz 800 displays a variant.

With typographic watermark and partly slight facet dirt. – Margin slightly foxing, measuring 6.5-7 cm on three sides and 2.4 cm above. – On the back Frisch’s collector’s stamp (not in Lugt).

Offer no. 28,138 / EUR  325. / export price EUR  309. (c. US$ 374.) + shipping

niemeyer’s  has  it  for  you !

Fine  Example  of  Compositional

“Towering  Up”  in  the  Golden  Century

Romeyn, Willem (Haarlem c. 1624 – c. 1694). Animal Piece. Bull, two cows and three sheep resting by a pool in hilly landscape. Etching with aquatint by Johann Heinrich Tischbein II (Haina, Hesse, 1742 – Cassel 1808). Inscribed: WRomeyn pinx: / H. Tischbein fec. 1788., otherwise as below. 7½ × 9⅞ in (19.2 × 25.2 cm).

Wurzbach, Romeyn, 8; Nagler, Tischbein, 25. – Plate 7 of the 1827 Tischbein set Nagler 45 as a compilation mounted in points of throughout old/earlier impressions. – Trimmed to platemark. – From the collection of the legendary financier DR. STROUSBERG, Berlin. – With caption in German:

“ The  original  is  in  the  collection

of  the  Privy  Senior  Administrative  Officer  von  Schmerfeld  at  Cassel .”

Fine  plate  by the pupil of Berchem and Dujardin, but contrary to these, so Bernt, “his ponderous gregarious animals are drawn more carelessly”. This ponderousness not to be stated here though, but otherwise the quite fine look of the animals. Furthermore “A standing cow (here bull) is typical … In the Albertina (Vienna) … well represented by 13 fine plates”. Furthermore on the right with the group of the cow and the three sheep attached to this

Willem Romeyn, Animal Piece

exemplary  for  the  compositional  “towering  up”  of  the  age

(Hella Robels in Snyders Catalogue Raisonné, 1989, pp. 60 f., by the paintings 12 + 15) as revived in the 20th century by, i. a., Franz Marc.

Offer no. 15,779 / EUR  320. / export price EUR  304. (c. US$ 368.) + shipping

Hirt, Friedrich Wilhelm (1721 Frankfort/Main 1772). A Bull, to the right. Etching by Johann Heinrich Tischbein II (Haina, Hesse, 1742 – Cassel 1808). 3⅜ × 4¾ in (8.5 × 12 cm).

Friedrich Wilhelm Hirt, Bull

Sheet 11 of the 1827 Tischbein set Nagler 45 as a compilation mounted in points of throughout old/earlier impressions. – On light laid paper. – From the collection of the legendary financier DR. STROUSBERG , Berlin. – “Hirt is much praised as animal painter …” (Thieme-Becker).

Offer no. 14,921 / EUR  60. (c. US$ 73.) + shipping

Early  Representation
of  the  Spanish  National  Sport

Tempesta, Antonio (Florence 1555 – Rome 1630). Fiestas de Toros. The stations of the bull-fight in the arena as instructive didactic piece. In front as left-hand main group a bull with richly decorated banderilla in the back attacked by a lancer, separated by a barrel from the espada swinging for the coup-de-grâce. Right beside a done torero. Staggered up to the densely populated grand-stand further lancers and two bulls, the foremost kept at distance by the swinging espada by a two-wheeled axle, while a banderillero swings a second baton. The back one, outright bristling with banderillas, one burning, chasing three lancers, one of them still aiming at him. Left of this as center piece richly figured vehicle, camouflaged with head mask with banderillas in the eyes, additionally burning ones in the side holes. Laterally left set back a phalanx of further lancers & toreros. Etching by or for Claes Jansz. Visscher de Jonghe (1586 Amsterdam 1652). (1639.) 3⅞ × 5½ in (9.8 × 14 cm).

“ One  should  leave  the  Taurus  Type  alone …

Antonio Tempesta, Fiestas de Toros

(but if he) goes off in earnest it will be quite unpleasant ”

Schwerdt II, 251 („proof impressions“). – From the collection “EK” not identified by Lugt with its small black round monogram stamp on the back (ligated, Lugt 3549, drawings and prints of the 17th to 19th centuries). – No. 13 of the Aucupationis Multifariæ Effegies Artificiosissimé depictæ et inventæ ab Antonio Tempesta Florentino and present here as with Schwerdt in early impression before the letter on fine, wide-margined laid paper with typographic watermark as presumably countermark to the coat-of-arms watermark of several further sheets of the set present here. – Contrary to most sheets of the set with but narrow platemark below.

Thematically  as  extremely  rare  as  instructive ,

above  all  very  early  scenery , too ,

of chronologically at least great nearness to the culmination of bull-fighting under Philip IV (1605-1665, accession to the throne 1621).

Offer no. 28,561 / EUR  575. / export price EUR  546. (c. US$ 660.) + shipping

Suite  not  known  to  Literature

and  supposedly

provable completely here for the 1st Time

Wintter, Raphael. (Animal Drawings for Landscape Furnishing.) Karlsruhe, Joh. Velten, not before 1824. Oblong fol. (10⅞ × 13¾ in [27.5 × 35 cm]). Suite of

12  chalk  lithographs

(3½-8⅛ × 8½-10⅜ in [9-20.6 × 21.5-26.5 cm]). Unstitched in orig. wrappers with lithographed title/author/publisher on the front wrapper (in German).

Provisionally Niemeyer Ra 152-155h (so far Niem. [2001] 152-155 + 182-186). – Not in Winkler (1975) + Nagler (1851). – The wrappers, widely torn in the fold and at its upper margins somewhat fissured, reinforced on both sides and backed resp., otherwise irrespective of occasional faint touch of mostly just spot-like foxing practically impeccable. – On large strong vélin untrimmed on two sides with wide margins as resulting from the sheet-subject-relation above.

Two sheet inscribed as following: C. du Jardin inv: / R. Wintter f. 1824. and N. Berghem pinx / R. Wintter f: 1824 resp.


after in the catalogue raisonné here based on two separate parts in the trade only vaguely “4 sheet with depictions of cows from 1824” and “5 sheet with depictions of goats and sheep” resp. could be recorded. Here then both groups of six sheet each and in such a manner supposedly complete. – Not least due to the soft chalk manner

Raphael Wintter, Bull


of the animals pictured in again and again new position and grouping in variedly rich environment in their lively naturalness, thereby only once together with man where on a mountain plateau a shepherd with a lamb in his arm chats with the resting shepherdess while a ram visibly intelligently contributes his opinion. Very charming, too, the second one of the two largest sheets in which one of the two billy-goats stretches up at a tree for feed, observed by resting sheep. The  bull  however Raphael presents dominantly on own sheet. With no frills.

In all this Raphael (1784 Munich 1852), son of the rare court and hunt engraver (“always better than Riedinger”, so the contemporary von Moser) Joseph Georg W., follows his very own talent:

“ devoted himself with preference to animal painting … also occupied himself … with lithography … his drawings (are) quite numerous. They are held in just as high esteem by the connoisseurs as his etchings. Also ingenious lithographic sheets of him are to be found ”


1809 he became 1st lithographer and later inspector at the Lithographic Institute of the Royal Privy Council established by his stepfather and first teacher Mettenleiter. Most interestingly his throughout rare and very rare sets all originate from the early decades with 1831/32 as the last dates for such two etched “Animal Studies” as a result of a stay in Italy in 1830. To add to this yet only scant series now here & now one from the ending “incunabula era” of lithography which until now escaped both literature and surveyable trade and thereby being able to integrate above stray nine individual sheets from it, is pleasure + satisfaction at once. And may be understood as invitation

to  snatch  as  collection-enhancing  what  pure  chance  presented .

Offer no. 15,178 / EUR  1730. / export price EUR  1644. (c. US$ 1987.) + shipping

Cattle  by  the  Crème  de  la  Crème

Wintter, Joseph Georg (1751 Munich 1789). (Animal Pieces after Several Masters etched and published … Court and Hunting Engraver in Munich [1783/]1784.) 7 of 8 sheet of the set of the cattle. Etchings. C. 5⅛ × 7⅛ in (13 × 18 cm).

Niemeyer 47-53, II; Nagler 12. – From the Augsburg omnibus edition Schwerdt III, 190, a ( “Rare”, 1928 ) published 1821 the earliest and comprising only 44 sheet anymore (of 137, so the here otherwise not provable edition Weigel 21336, of them “Most … very rare”; so also 1863 Nagler, Monogramists III, 68, at the same time emphasizing their beauty) on strong paper, whose marvelous quality of impressions reveals the small editions and had Schwerdt, unaware of the chronological factors, frequently conclude proofs before the letter. – Without the title etching after Johann Heinrich Roos.

  1. The Pissing Cow and the Two Sheep. Before village silhouette. After Karel Dujardin (Amsterdam 1622 – Venice 1678). C. du hortein. inv. fecit / 2 (in reverse) / JGWintter. feit (sic!). 1783. – The  famous  sujet. – The wide white margin somewhat fox spotted on two sides.
  2. The Bony Old Cow to the left, before rotten lying trunk. Before village silhouette. After Dujardin as above. K. du. jardin. inv. / 3 (in reverse) / JGWintter 1784 .
  3. The Resting Cow at the Fence to the left. With farm silhouette. After Dujardin as above. K. du jardin inv. / 4 (in reverse) / JGWintter Fecit 1784. – In the far wide white lower margin somewhat foxed.
  4. The Standing and the Resting Cow, each to the right. On a pasture close to the village with the steeple in the background. After Dujardin as above. K. du. jardin inv / 5 / JGWintter sculp 1784.

6) The  Bull  to  the  right  on  a  Fine  Plateau

Nicolaes Berchem, Bull

After  Nicolaes  Berchem

(Haarlem 1620 – Amsterdam 1683). Berchem. inv. / 6 / JGWintter. sculp. 1784.

  1. The Grazing Cow to the left and the one resting at the fence below a mighty tree, looking at the beholder. With church and the roof of a farm to the right. After Dujardin as above, ringing  in  the  zenith’s  abundance  of  atmosphere . K du jardin inv. / 7 / JGWintter. sculp. 1784.
  2. The Two Cows lying together amidst painterly hilly landscape. After Jan Both (c. 1615 Utrecht 1652). Both. inv / 8 / JGWintter sculps. 1784. – The  splendid  finish .

Wintter’s  “etchings  are  excellent  and

are  in  the  treatment  between  those  by  Hollar  and  Riedinger .

In 1784 W. became electoral Court and Hunt Engraver” (Nagler) .

At the same time he was member of the electoral academy at Dusseldorf. And 1787 he was promoted court chamber councilor as

rare “(a)mong those numerous court and independent artists
of the Electoral Palatinate Bavarian court”

(pope of forest cameralists Wilhelm Gottfried von Moser from the “Famous family of cameralists” [Heß in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie] and being born 1729 almost already a representative of the father’s generation), at the same time summing up “Always better than Riedinger”. Which shall not be consented with that generally though. Yet the more so the

“ This  man  has  extraordinary  talents ”

as Lorenz von Westenrieder of the same age (b. 1748, theologian, yet especially historian; “has generally an impressionable eye for scenic beauties” [Höhn]) wrote in 1785 to Christian Felix Weisse, friend of Lessing’s and playwright in Leipsic, after he had already highly praised him in his 1783 “Almanac of Human History in Bavaria”.

Exemplary here then his almost complete

rare  set  of  the  cattle

as  the  only  one  of  this  kind  in  the  small  work

of  this  early  consummate  master .

Which evokes what was art-historical conclusion already in 1909 and 1921 resp. So Höhn (Studien zur Entwicklung der Münchener Landschaftsmalerei v. Ende d. 18. u. v. Anfang des 19. Jh.) by his “one of the earliest” among “the early beginnings of Munich landscape painting“ and Wolf (Die Entdeckung der Münchener Landschaft) resp., who documents him by seven etchings.

Offer no. 15,670 / EUR  980. / export price EUR  931. (c. US$ 1125.) + shipping

Paulus Potter, Cattle Piece

Potter, Paulus (Enkhuizen 1625 – Amsterdam 1654). Cattle Piece. Bull with two cows and a sheep before picturesque tree backdrop on a rise. To the right distant vista across a valley with wooded parish on the horizon. Aquatint printed in brown by Cornelis Apostool (1762 Amsterdam 1844). Inscribed: P. Potter / Apostool. / Published Novr. 1792. 8⅝ × 12 in (21.8 × 30.5 cm).

Rare  sheet. – Enclosed text sheet with Potter’s biography and prices realized for his works. – Bernt:

“ (Potter) owes his fame to the natural presentation of the animals and the Dutch pasture … In the 18th and 19th centuries Potter’s basic development of the picture of the animal in the landscape has been continued. ”

The group of two of the bull with the standing cow standing together on the left and the sheep corresponding to the painting in Cassel The Pissing Cow – see following 14,927 – , the latter has been replaced here by a resting another one. Changed also the decoration of the trees and the look over the valley.

Offer no. 15,778 / EUR  320. / export price EUR  304. (c. US$ 368.) + shipping

– – A Group of Cattle (3 plus a sheep) with the Pissing Cow / A Group of Horses (4) with the Farmer and his Dog. On the horizon a mill and a steeple resp. on the right. 2 sheet. Etchings with rich aquatint by Johann Heinrich Tischbein II (Haina, Hesse, 1742 – Cassel 1808). (1787.) 7⅝-7¾ × 10-10¾ in (19.3-19.7 × 25.4-27.3 cm).

Paulus Potter, Cattle

Nagler, Tischbein, 24 and probably 30. – Plates 1 and 2 of the 1827 Tischbein set Nagler 45 as a compilation mounted in points of throughout old till earlier impressions. – Trimmed on or within the white platemark. – Sheet 1 with ignorable slight water stains in the upper right. – From the collection of the legendary financier Dr. Strousberg, Berlin.

BOTH  THE  FINE  PENDANTS  –  1848 reckoned by Nagler

among  the  most  exquisite  sheets  by  Tischbein

– “from the famous painting … in the Electoral Gallery at Cassel … (called) the Pissing Cow”. – Tischbein, court painter of the Landgrave of Hesse, was inspector of just this, most famous for the splendid collection of Dutch paintings. – Also see previous 15,778.

Offer no. 14,927 / EUR  449. / export price EUR  427. (c. US$ 516.) + shipping

Roos, Johann Heinrich (Otterberg, Palatinate, 1631 – Frankfort/Main 1685). An Ox, resting to the right. Etching by Johann Heinrich Tischbein II (Haina, Hesse, 1742 – Cassel 1808). 4⅞ × 7⅞ in (12.5 × 20 cm).

Johann Heinrich Tischbein II, Ox, resting

Sheet 15 of the 1827 Tischbein set Nagler 45 as a compilation mounted in points of throughout old till earlier impressions. – Trimmed within the white platemark. – From the collection of the legendary financier DR. STROUSBERG , Berlin.

Offer no. 14,906 / EUR  74. (c. US$ 89.) + shipping

« Not  if  he  had  them  by  the  neck , I vow

Would  e’er  these  people  scent  the  Devil ! »

Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Faust I, Scene V


Lovis Corinth, Europa on the Bull
Schiller Illustration of 1919 by Lovis Corinth

? ?  riding  the  Greek  Taurus ? ?

Not  hearing

Zeus’  Homeric  laughter ?

For  HE  it  is

who  seduces  Europa .

And  lays


sweet  naiveté

grants  to  him

“ … And I also received your wonderful documents on Charles Le Brun and the other wonderful images including the three-legged deer. Wonderful. Thank you so very much! … ”

(Mrs. S. W., October 21, 2008)