18th Century Camels

Johann Elias Ridinger, Camels VI
from the 6 sheet set 16,026

Ridinger’s Camels

With the Augsburg

Johann Elias Ridinger, Camels IV
from the 6 sheet set 16,026

Murderous Camel

“ Drawn from Life …

Johann Elias Ridinger, Camels IV (caption)

when it was shown here at Augsburg ”

Ridinger saved the Life of Its Driver !

— Quasi First Hand Live Report in German included in Copy —

Johann Elias Ridinger

Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767

Six Plates Camels. 6 sheet. Etchings with engraving by Martin Elias Ridinger (1731 Augsburg 1780). Inscribed: No: I(-VI). / Johan[n] (I) and Joh. resp. El. Ridinger ad vivum del. / M. E. Ridinger sc. A(ug). V(ind). 12¼-12⅝ × 8¼-8½ in (31.2-32 × 20.8-21.6 cm).

Johann Elias Ridinger, Camels IJohann Elias Ridinger, Camels II

Thienemann & Schwarz 529-534; Weigel 16545 (“old now rarely occurring impressions”, 1847!) & XXVIII, 26A, each incl. the 2 plates buffaloes; Coll. Würtemberg 1794 (1843; “Rare” and as here, too, without the buffaloes); Slg. Coppenrath 1553 (1889; “Splendid impressions with wide margins. Rare.”) & 1965 f. (1890; “Rare set with wide margins.” and “Without platemark, a little stained.” resp., all with the buffaloes); Silesian Ridinger collection Boerner XXXIX, 1894 (1885; “Rare”); Th. Reich auf Biehla 134 (1894); Coll. Gg. Hamminger 1669 (1895; “Very rare set in excellent impressions”) & 1670 (“partly later impressions”); Schwerdt III, 141; Counts Faber-Castell 36 (1958).

Showing camels and dromedaries in all positions, loaded and unloaded, and – plates I-IV – explaining per 2-3 lines caption in German:

“ True representation of a loaded camel, in a Turkish caravan – Camel with one hump unloaded, otherwise also called dromedary – A Camel with 2. humps, as such is found frequently in the Turkish Barbary Africa and Asia … – Representation  from  another  view , (drawn) from life in various positions

when it was shown here in Augsburg … ”

However , the  latter  packed  a  punch . In the 127 sheet Colored Animal Kingdom – available here with three absolutely excellent provenances as a “Splendid (crème de la crème) copy … In this completeness and preservation of utmost rarity” – created since 1754 and concluded posthumously about 1773 this animal, minimally modified, stepped into the public eye once more, on which occasion the Ridingers put on record in the preamble (pt. I, page 22):

“ They have but one young one per year and most are gelded, too, for in the rutting season they are very unruly and stubborn.

I myself (supposedly Martin Elias) once saw a living dromedary ,

late February, which is the time of their rutting, who was very wicked, so that its own driver could not trust it and had to treat it quite gently, for it readily bites with its powerful teeth or

kneels with peculiar agility on the man ,

or attempts to press him to the wall. Our blessed father had occasion

to see this once here at Augsburg .

As he drew such one

the animal became that furious with its master for he tired it too much at once by frequent kneeling down, that, after he was about to bring such one to its proper place and to rest in the shed and rack it up, it kneeled down on him and pressed him, that he, as the saying goes, turned black and blue and could not cry anymore. Upon this

our blessed father , who was alone with him ,

took a pole just about there and poked the animal from behind at the privates, whereupon it released its driver at last

and he was still saved . ”

Plates V & VI finally with tympanist & cymbalist, standing and lying from various angles as well as at lying down together with several head, resting, and other details. Shortly , a series created from every angle for its own sake.

And till today that rare

that in the 1990s the present decisive Ridinger collection paid dearly to obtain the sets of both the present Camels and the likewise comprised Monkeys, equally desired for decades, through the acquisition of one of the Pompadour album volumes of Baron von Gutmann’s legendary Marjoribanks Folios (his personal copy I of the two Roman ones of his Ridinger Catalog [Schwarz] in their elitist inaccessibility available here).

Johann Elias Ridinger, Camels IIIJohann Elias Ridinger, Camels V

Typographic (“WANGEN”) & figurative watermarks. – With fine little margin all round the edge of the platemark. – Without the ensuing two plates buffaloes which, although included by Ridinger in the numbering, deviate by their oblong format already outwardly. – I & II mounted in points by old, otherwise verso traces of previous mounting in points showing through as brown spots in each the corners of III & V. Sheet II ditto, but more negligibly and in the two upper corners only. Irrespective of this

evenly fine warm-toned impressions

of this as rich as instructive & both locally and behaviorally suffused set .

Offer no. 16,026 / price on application

Three of the Four Camels
from the
Colored Animal Kingdom

Brown Camel with one Hump. Colored etching/engraving. Inscribed: J. El. Ridinger sc. et exc. A.V. along with title as illustrated. 12⅜ × 8⅜ in (31.3 × 21.2 cm).

Johann Elias Ridinger, Brown Camel

Thienemann & Schwarz 1036. – IN  THE  RIDINGERS’  ORIGINAL  COLORING  from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.

“ One sees of these animals some which are white and others which are brown. In size they are also different of each other according to the kind of the respective country … In Arabia they are raised indisputably the most, although already in European Turkey and Tartary there are some, especially of these which have two humps … ”

(Ridinger’s sons in the preamble to pt. I, p. 21, enclosed here in copy).

On C & I Honig paper as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”.

Offer no. 15,955 / sold

Johann Elias Ridinger, White Camel

White Camel. As before. Inscribed: J. El. Ridinger fec. et exc. A.V. – Thienemann/Schwarz 1037.

Offer no. 15,956 / sold

Johann Elias Ridinger, Dromedary

Dromedary with Two Humps. Light ocher colored, about to lie down to the left. Inscribed: J. El. Ridinger fec. et exc. A.V. – Thienemann/Schwarz 1035. – Instructive sheet .

Offer no. 15,957 / EUR  1100. / export price EUR  1045. (c. US$ 1263.) + shipping

“ A Well-done Representation
of this Animal
rarely to be seen over here ”

Camel Deer. Guanaco standing to the left. Colored etching/engraving by Martin Elias Ridinger (1731 Augsburg 1780). Inscribed: M. El. Ridinger =. 12¼ × 8¼ in (31 × 20.9 cm). – Thienemann & Schwarz 1038.

Johann Elias Ridinger, Guanaco

“ Again we have received the illustration of this animal from Ludolph’s (Klein’s) famous collection by the appreciable kindness of Mr. Secretary Klein. It is a particular creature and there is no doubt about its actual existence. Mr. Gessner already has described such one and gives Peru as the fatherland of the same … ”

(Ridinger’s sons in the preamble to pt. I, p. 22, enclosed in copy).

With Jacob Theodor Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein

of the Ludolph estate , which comprises nothing but original items. ”

“A well-done representation of this American animal rarely to be seen over here … a llama which is found in freedom from times immemorial” (Th.), “has been reduced considerably due to hunting” (Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th ed., X [1889], 420/I). – Margins on three sides 1.7-3 cm, below 5 cm wide.

Offer no. 15,903 / EUR  630. / export price EUR  599. (c. US$ 724.) + shipping

  1. “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)

“ The map was packaged very well and I am impressed about your professionally too. I look forward to having business with you again ”

(Sign. S. B. F., June 26, 2004)