now in the Göhrde
Like a sea of trees the Göhrde lies, a thick mixed woodland in the Elbufer-Drawehn Nature Park. Hardly anything suggests that the quiet, secluded forest once has been the court hunting preserve of the Hanoverian and Prussian sovereigns. Their passion for hunting had the woodland remain in unchanged form through the centuries. Still today the Göhrde is a vast compact tract of forest with rich game population. The hunt there is accompanied by a touch of the past when huntsmen put the hunting boot upon the terrain where emperors and kings bagged …
the Court & Par Force Hunting Preserve
Johann Elias Ridinger, The Arrival of the Prince upon the Rendezvous
After duke Georg Wilhelm assumed the regency in 1648, the Göhrde slowly developed into a center of the par force hunt and a hunting preserve praised far beyond the borders. The duke who loved the mounted coursing for a single piece of game, had a new hunting lodge and the “Celle Stable” accomodating 79 horses be built. The hunting court Georg Wilhelm had founded at Celle 1677 was commissioned with the conduct of the hunts, and which later was known as Hanoverian Hunting Court for its efficient and expert hunting … The courtly state hunts in the Göhrde were a big social event …
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). The Par force Hunt of the Stag and Its Whole Proceedings with Extensive Description. (Augsburg, author’s edition, 1756.) Four-part set of 16 in etching with engraving (c. 12¼-12⅜ × 18¾-19⅛ in [31-31.5 × 47.5-48.5 cm]). – Thienemann & Schwarz 49-64. – Thiébaud (1934) 783: «Une des plus belles suites de Ridinger». – Splendid impressions of shining chiaroscuro on heavy laid paper with presumably watermark WANGEN as one of the papers Ridinger preferred with uniform wide margins of c. 2-2½ (5-6.5) laterally and 2⅜ in (6 cm) top/bottom resp., resulting in a sheet size of c. 17⅛ × 23⅜ in (43.5 × 59.5 cm). As added from another source, Th. 60 deviating with margins top/bottom 1¾-2⅞ in (4.5-7.2 cm) wide along with revealing German note in pencil lower left “Th 60! after 10 years searching.” – Present throughout unfolded (without center fold!) with nonetheless slight waving of just the images as in such a manner originating from printing, as also in harmony with the added sheet Th. 60. – The wide margins on both sides mostly not void of faint little foxing spots or similarly ignorable traces of more than 250 years.
Offer no. 16,260 | sold
of the Dukes of Brunswick
Hunting Edicts by the Dukes of Brunswick-Luneburg 1705-1805
In the 15th century the Göhrde came into the possession of the dukes of Luneburg. Little is passed down about the time before when the luscious deciduous wood was the borderland between Saxons and Wends, quarrelling about the area … There were no villages in the Göhrde anymore. Early settlements had been deserted and the dukes had little interest in a repopulation of their game-rich hunting district …
Hunting Edicts by the Dukes of Brunswick-Luneburg 1705-1805. A collection of 13 single-sided and therefore also very framing-attractive decrees from four generations in succession as broadsheets determined for placarding “in the villages and else at the usual places and ends”, each with the signatures of the reigning duke of the elder (Wolfenbüttel) line printed together with the L(oco) S(igilli) stamp and, mostly, of their first ministers as well as decorative woodcut initial “V” in such attractive oblong formats of 12⅜-13¾ × 13⅞-16¾ in (31.5-35 × 35.2-42.5 cm). Under framing-ready acid-free museum boards with gilt date in ruby morocco Solander box with ornamental raised bands and two green back-plates, title on the front cover, Ridinger-stag-vignette on the back cover and line on both covers, all in 23.5 carat gilt tooling, and ruby elephant skin inner covers with gilt sequence of potentates at the beginning. – Continuously represented will of game-law of a whole century by a dynasty that in its standing and its family connections up to, most closely, Emperor Charles VI belongs to the most distinguished ones in Ridinger’s 18th century. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 12,567 | EUR 6493. | export price EUR 6168. (c. US$ 7456.) + shipping
Johann Elias Ridinger, The Surrounded Hunt
They hunted the rich stock of red deer and wild boars in the “German manner”, the surrounded hunt. The preparations for this were very expensive and could extend for days and even weeks. A great number of drivers was necessary to press the game into a particular forest area where hunting toils, nets and cloths would prevent it from changing back. For the actual hunt the game then was driven through an opening in the cloths towards the shooters. The inhabitants of the villages around the Göhrde had to render corvée and even feed the ducal huntsmen and their hounds …
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). La Chasse dans les enceintes. The Surrounded Hunt. “Particularly in Germany this is very usual and is done this way …” The whole plenty of driving up, shooting kiosk, action, and reserves. In the center a royal stag breaks down. Etching with engraving. (1729.) Inscribed: avec privil. de Sa. Maj. Imp. / I. El. Ridinger inv. pinx. sculps. et excud. A.V., otherwise as above and with German-French didactical text. 13⅛ × 16⅜ in (33.4 × 41.5 cm). – Thienemann & Schwarz 22. – From the unnumbered early 36-sheet Princes’ Hunting Pleasure, listed by literature as its 10th sheet. – Margins on three sides 4-4.5, above 2.5-3.2 cm wide. – Some tiniest tears in the wide white margin backed acid-freely. – Marvelous impression of highly nuanced chiaroscuro. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 15,471 | EUR 1250. | export price EUR 1188. (c. US$ 1436.) + shipping
Johann Elias Ridinger, How the Wild Boar is hunted and dealt the coup de grâce
King George V of Hanover was blind and therefore did not hunt, instead each year in November or December the princes came and arranged rather expensive hunts. More and more wild boars were hunted with the use of hunting toils and the boar finder pack. The bag reports show increasing numbers of kills. In December 1865, after the last hunt in the Hanoverian period, five stags, 23 deer, and 106 pieces wild boars were bagged …
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). How the Wild Boar is hunted and dealt the coup de grâce. – Qua Ratione Aper exagitatus tandem Prosternatur. Seized by the hounds on all sides, but also surrounded by several undone, the tusker is at bay by the foot of a mighty oak and receives the coupe de grâce with the boar spear from the prince. On the left several hunters, holding the horse and further hounds, coming from the right two hunters and grooms each, two of which with boar spears, too. Etching with engraving. Inscribed: Johann Elias Ridinger inven. fecit et excud. Aug. Vind., otherwise in German & Latin as above. 20⅞ × 29¼ in (53 × 74.2 cm). – Thienemann & Schwarz 68. – Provenance: Dukes of Arenberg (oval blue collection stamp verso with the three medlar flowers borrowed from the crest of the house and the device CH(RISTUS). PROTECTOR MEUS [Lugt 567]); English Collection. – On heavy laid paper supposedly watermarked Wangen and secondary mark FAvI (?). – Three sides with 8-15 mm wide white paper margin in addition to the platemark of c. 1 cm. Only on the left trimmed to the platemark with partially still fine paper margin. The left lower corner and right white margin a little crease-marked. Besides in the latter and in the middle of the caption one professionally done tear each. A former centerfold utterly smoothed out and perceptible as a faint shadow on the back only. However, in respect of the faults of preservation to be stated almost always with these oversizes, these downright minimal age marks are entirely subordinate to the excellent printing quality of this comtemporary impression in its marvelous chiaroscuro. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 16,185 | EUR 4300. | export price EUR 4085. (c. US$ 4938.) + shipping
Johann Elias Ridinger, Ducitur ducit(ur)que vicissim – He guides and is guided in turn
The hunt in the Göhrde was revived when Duke Ernest Augustus of Cumberland assumed the government in Hanover … Ernest Augustus, who stayed in the Göhrde once a year, resurrected the traditional confirmatory hunt. This kind of hunt put high requirements on the skill of the court hunters and their hounds. The stags had to be confirmed in the wild and then driven with the scenthound into a particular part of the preserve. There the hunters surrounded the game with high toils. A hunter with the scenthound then followed the track of the stag slowly, until this changed to the stand of the Lord of the Hunt.
In the confirmative hunts the Hanoverian scenthound replaced the meanwhile extinct leaders …
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). He guides and is guided in turn. Search hunter (tracker) with leader at long lead, stepping out of the woods into the open. In the reset middle distance before tree scenery stopping royal. On the horizon high steeple. Etching with engraving. (1740.) Inscribed: Ducitur ducitqe vicissim. / I. E. Ridinger inv. del. et sc. A. V. 6 × 9⅛ in (15.3 × 23.3 cm; sheet size 17⅞ × 12⅜ in [45.5 × 31.5 cm]). – Thienemann & Schwarz (vol. I, plate X) 162. – Small tear of ⅝ × ⅛ in (1.5 × 0.2 cm) in the left outer margin 4.5 cm wide and faint margin patina, only the lower right corner a bit more from turning over. – The TITLE SHEET to the 23-sheet set of the REPRESENTATION OF THE FAIR GAME with their tracks and traces added … drawn from nature … Composed and published by Johann Elias Ridinger, painter in Augsburg. In the year 1740 together with the fullpage PRILIMINARY REPORT in its fine large typography (in German) on the back. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 15,798 | EUR 290. | export price EUR 276. (c. US$ 334.) + shipping
At all times court hunts have not only satisfied the hunting passion of the sovereigns. They also served as setting for political and diplomatic negotiations and especially representation. When William II became emperor and supreme lord of the hunt in 1888, he linked the latter not to pomp but the number of killed game. The court hunts, later alternating between the Göhrde and the Springe boar park degenerated into a mass killing …
Today, however, instead of the Welfs
Johann Elias Ridinger, Wolves of 3-4 Years and full-grown ones
the Wolves hunt here …
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Loups de 3. ou 4. ans et qui sont d’une age accomplie ont 8. ou 9. petis et vivent a 20. ans. Wolves of 3-4 Years and full-grown ones have 8-9 Whelps and live up to 20 Years. Five howling wolves amidst an especially fine rock scenery. Etching with engraving. (1736.) Inscribed: 21. / Cum Priv. Sac. Cæs. Majest. / I. El. Ridinger invent. delin. Sculps. et excud. Aug. Vind., otherwise as above in German, French, and Latin. 13⅝ × 16½ in (34.5 × 42 cm). – Thienemann & Schwarz 216. – Sheet 21 of the STUDY OF THE WILD ANIMALS with the caption of the Hamburg pope of poets, jurist & senator, yet foremost friend of Ridinger’s, Barthold Heinrich Brockes (1680-1747), in German. – Margins on three sides 2.7-3.2, on the right 5.5 cm wide. – Of shining-marvelous quality and therefore rarity.
Offer no. 15,589 | EUR 690. | export price EUR 656. (c. US$ 793.) + shipping
… which to deal with
as appropriate for the Species
Johann Elias Ridinger, To catch the Wolf in the Pit with the Sheep. Pen and brown ink with grey wash. C. 1729.
a More Robust Society still knew
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). To catch the Wolf in the Pit with the Sheep. Against the scenery of a mountainous landscape with stock of trees the wolf trap with the wheel-topped pole erected in its midst on which a lamb lies whose bleating has baited four wolves, the first of which already falls into the pit. Pen and brown ink with grey wash. C. 1729. Inscribed in graphite on the back: Der Wolf in der Grube zu fangen mit dem Schafe. 11½-11⅝ × 16⅝ in (292-295 × 422-423 mm). – On light laid paper with margins up to 17 mm running around. – Pinhead-small little hole, smoothed folds athwart and along resp., and generally somewhat time-marked, yet practically not impairing the image effect characterized by an unaltered freshness of colors. – Except for one the former mounting board’s fox spots had only a quite faint effect perceptible on the back only. – Painterly absolutely perfectly executed splendid work as original drawing before its being redrawn in reverse for the transfer into the plate for the equally named etching Th. 41 as the large version of the two wolf pit sheets of the set Princes’ Hunting Pleasure published since 1729.
Offer no. 15,450 | EUR 35000. | export price EUR 33250. (c. US$ 40195.) + shipping
With the introduction of the mouflons from 1903 the Göhrde experienced an enrichment of the range. The mountain sheep adopted quite well to their new haunt and in 1910 were pronounced game. The next year William II could kill a mouflon ram for the first time …
They already have exterminated the European mouflon introduced about 100 years ago as supposedly worldwide last pure-bred population …
Johann Elias Ridinger, A Wolf consuming the Prey
… and there are some hoping ideologically correct
that now they will do the same to red & roe deer
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). A Wolf consuming the Prey. Lustily breaking up a roebuck on a clearing in the woods. Colored etching with engraving. (1740.) Inscribed: J. E. R. fec. / N. 70., otherwise in German as above. 7¼ × 6 in (18.5 × 15.1 cm). – Thienemann & Schwarz 460. – Plate 70 (in later edition 58) of the instructive set Design of Several Animals (“These plates are much wanted and frequently copied”, Th. 1856). – Impression of the 1st edition on fine laid paper. – Colored by later hand in attractive fitting palette as quite unusual for original impressions.
Offer no. 15,740 | EUR 180. (c. US$ 218.) + shipping
Johann Elias Ridinger, TABELLA What of Deer and wild Boar Game … has been shot and captured
October 30 and 31, 1913 for the last time there was a court hunt in the Göhrde, with “64 stags, 90 red deer, 288 wild boars, four roes, and one hare” bagged. Austria’s heir apparent, Archduke Franz Ferdinand had come as guest of honor, a reckless shooter. His assassination triggered the First World War, which induced the end of the Empire and by this also the court hunts. It became quiet in the Göhrde and remained quiet even at the time of the Third Reich. Reichsjägermeister Göring declared the former court hunt preserve state hunt, but did not use it …
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). TABELLA What of Deer and wild Boar Game as also Predators, Winged Game, and Birds of Prey usually in Serene Presence of His Princely Serenity the Reigning Sire Sire Louis George Margrave of Baaden Baaden p.p. has been shot and captured in His own grounds in the year 17... Etching with engraving. (1753.) Inscribed: Joh. El. Ridinger sculps. Aug. Vind. Sheet size 10⅜ × 14⅝ in (26.3 × 37.2 cm). In ruby red calf Solander box (18⅞ × 24 × 1⅛ in [48 × 61 × 3 cm]) with imitation ribs with gilt fillets on spine & both boards, front cover tooled Johann Elias Ridinger / La Légendaire Gravure & referring to the coat-of-arms Golden Fleece in the four corners, back cover with ligated red series RS stamp as centerpiece, black spine label Johann Elias Ridinger / Th. 161 as well as red endpapers with stamping regarding text and rarity. All in 23.5 carat gold. – Thienemann (“I let follow a very rare sheet“) & Schwarz 161 (plate I, IX); Helbing, Art Stock Catalog XXXIV (1900), J. E. und M. E. Ridinger, no. 324 (“The rarest sheet of Ridinger’s”). – Negative report in the Ridinger inventories of distinction present here practically conclusively from the late 19th century onward, negative report also around the then exhibition roundabout to the 300th birthday and their catalogs. – Marvellous impression of richly contrasted shine on finely structured light laid paper with watermark Crown below Imperial Orb with pendant A H (?) with fine margin all around, yet trimmed to or just within the platemark and supposedly already in the early 19th century mounted behind thin vélin mat watermarked H SMITH 1815. The general slight creasing perceptible on the back might be owed at least partly to tension of the latter. On the front, however, except for a pleat far left extending from top to the center of the castle base almost entirely negligible.
Offer no. 16,115 | price on application
Johann Elias Ridinger, The Commencement of the Hunt (with the Bugles sounded)
Since some years in fall bugles, hounds and hoofbeats sound again in the Göhrde. In remembrance of the long tradition of the par force hunt once a year the equestrian hunter and par force bugle blowing days take place around the hunting palace.
Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Le Commencement de la Chasse. The Commencement of the Hunt (with the Bugles sounded). “When the seigneurs have arrived at the hunting place all hunters assemble …” Place in the wood enclosed by nets & cloths, inside of which in the foreground on the right the hunting lodge. Before this numerous beaters, hounds, and sounding hunters, all in the direction of the traverse cloth with the princely arms, which is dropped at the start of the hunt. Outside of the enclosure further huntsmen together with packs of hounds, carriages, horsemen, relay horses. Etching with engraving. (1729.) Inscribed: avec privil. de Sa. Maj. Imp. / I. El. Ridinger inv. pinx. Sculps. et excud. Aug.Vind., otherwise as above and with German-French didactical text. 13⅛ × 16⅛ in (33.3 × 41.1 cm). – Th. + Schwarz 25. – From the unnumbered early 36-sheet Princes’ Hunting Pleasure, listed by literature as its 13th sheet. – Watermark Large Fleur-de-lis (Strasbourg?) visible in outline only. – Margins on two sides 1.7-3.4, below & right 5-5.7 cm wide. – THE FESTIVELY-PAINTERLY FINE SHEET IN SPLENDID IMPRESSION OF HIGHLY NUANCED MARVELOUS CHIAROSCURO as in such quality rare of old. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 15,465 | EUR 1200. | export price EUR 1140. (c. US$ 1378.) + shipping
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