That is, Alexander of the Neva.
In the swampy estuary of which on the Gulf of Finland
Neva estuary detail of Alexander Wilbrecht’s Petersburg area map from c. 1796/1800 in a print on white leather as of ultimate preciousness. – See the closing page, too.
on 15 July 1240 the 19/20-year-old (Pereslavl Zalessky [the princely seat Beyond the Woods] 1220/21 – Gorodets/Volga 1263, interred at Vladimir) surprised the invading Swedes in the fog and anilhilated them, by this establishing his fame as
National Hero of Russia
To which 300 years later the Russian Orthodox Church added in turn a
As thanks for his putting up a fight by which he had resisted the papal lure with the aim of confraternity church. And whom now
Russia dedicates a 2021
Initiated with military precision in 2014 by her president.
And into just this strategically important terrain of 1240 Peter the Great stemmed as new residential city his St. Petersburg named for his patron saint. And by this a cultural metropolis thriving unfadingly within a few decades. Which in 1725 he still presented with an Imperial Academy of Sciences. Which only twenty years later already created by the Atlas Russicus the first complete original Russian atlas as “there was no such complete atlas of Germany then yet”, so Leonhard Euler as co-publisher (Bagrow-Skelton, Meister der Kartographie, 1963, p. 51).
By means of its 20-sheet body of maps in contemporarily colored first print of the first edition in Latin-French of the design copy available here in not least Russia leather (yuft) then also the following illustration of the further stations of
continuing with 5 April 1242 when only two years after his debut on the Neva he had the invading army of the knights of the Teutonic Order along with the Estonian/Livonian Brothers of the Sword/Livonian Order integrated since 1237 literally drowned in (on) Lake Peipus (Czuckoe Ozero). So giant Eisenstein in his 1938 Alexander Nevsky. Written in history more reservedly as
The Battle on the Ice
Detail of the map of Estonia/Livonia of the Atlas Russicus with Lake Peipus draining off into the Narva in the center with city/principality Pskov and Nevsky’s principality Novgorod, received 1236 from the father, Grand Prince Yaroslav of Vladimir, adjoining eastwards, with Novgorod proper at the northern tip of Lake Ilmen. – In the north still with Petersburg, in the atlas map 2 of the individual maps.
Bottom left the northern edge of Czuckoe Ozero (Lake Peipus). Dominating the northern principality Novgorod.
Preceding the Teutonic Order’s 1240 spearhead conquest of the commercial city Pskov (Pleskau) on the southern end of the 3-part Lake Peipus as a substantial threat to the strategically important Novgorod. Fifth-largest lake in Europe – about seven times larger than Lake Constance – it forms the state frontier between Estonia and Russia, with the latter as the larger shareholder.
“ A distinct turning point in the history of the memory of Alexander Nevsky is marked by the reign of Peter the Great (1682-1725). 1723/24 the first Russian emperor had the prince’s relics removed from Vladimir to the newly founded residential city of St. Petersburg, established there the splendid Saint Alexander Nevsky Lavra, and predestined the saint as patron of the new capital and the whole empire. It were especially the merits of Alexander in the fight against the Swedes which induced Peter I to appreciate the hero of the Neva symolically so much. After his own triumph over king Charles XII in the Great Northern War Peter intended to merge his own fame with that of his ancestor and by this enlarge it … ”
(Frithjof Benjamin Schenk, Alexander Newski / Russlands unsterblicher Held. OST-WEST. Europäische Perspektiven (OWEP), 2020, issue 3, pp. 210 ff., based on his Aleksandr Nevskij: Heiliger – Fürst – Nationalheld. Eine Erinnerungsfigur im russischen kulturellen Gedächtnis [1263-2000], Cologne 2004).
The Atlas Map of the Provincial Government Moscow
In almost best center Pereslavl Zalessky — birthplace of Alexander Nevsky
while Gorodets on the Volga bend north of Nizhny Novgorod as place of death remains without name.
And with Principality Novgorod & Grand Duchy Vladimir (per 1252, here Wolodimer)
in addition to Kiev , see below , the seat of power which.
While Moscow still waited for her hour.
The removal of the seat Vladimir to Moscow (1328).
As capital of the Rus.
And by this birth of a future empire.
Free then foremost of the Mongol/Tartar vassalage.
General Historic Background
“ The Kiev Rus coming about the 9th century (Rus originates from the Finnish Ruotsi and means about oarsman) was a mediaeval precursor of today’s states of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, with the center at Kiev … From the fusion of Scandinavians and Slavs with Byzantine culture and religion about the turn of the first millennium matured the Russian people. Under the Grand Prince Vladimir I (978-1015) and Yaroslav Mudry (1019-1054) the Kiev Rus experienced her golden age. After the civil war (1132-1134) the Rus disintegrated into independent Russian principalities rivaling with each other, what in turn furthered the gradual conquest of these regions by Genghis Khan’s Mongol-Tartar hordes invading 1223 ”
(Sergej M. Eisenstein / Meisterwerke. Accompanying booklet to the 5-DVD IceStorm box).
“ The reign of Alexander Yaroslavich as prince of Novgorod happened in a turbulent time as regards foreign affairs. In the years 1237 to 1240 the Mongols subjugated all Russian subprincipalities except Novgorod to their tribute sway. Why Novgorod initially was spared the fate of conquest is disputed in research. Probably the warriors had been stopped from pushing further north by thaw setting in. In these years the trading republic was acutely threatened less by the Mongols than the Catholic neighbors in the North and West …
“ After his father’s demise Alexander was entrusted by the Great Khan of the Golden Horde (at Sarai) in 1248 with the
“rule over ‘Kiev and the whole Russian land’
Details of Smolensk/Kiev/Bjelgorod/Woronesh as map 5 of the Atlas Russicus with still Moscow, as a whole of that region which in the 2nd World War with Stalingrad (see following Volga map details)
as Napoleon’s Moscow/Beresina most emphatically redeemed Alexander Nevsky’s promise:
Who cometh with the sword will be put to death with the sword.
Contrary to the cartouche to map 7 of Kiev-Bjelgorod, see below, present one is intended on peaceful life.
“ while his brother Andrey was granted the succession as Grand Prince of Vladimir. Four years later Alexander himself advanced to the Grand Prince (of the latter). Not only Alexander benefitted from the new title
“ he received 1252 at Sarai, the seat of the Golden Horde .
Details of the river map of the lower Volga of the Atlas Russicus with the distributary Akhtuba (“White Hills”)
forking off north of Carizyn (Tsaritsyn; since 1925 Volgograd as the meanwhile Stalingrad)
as the Mongol capital situated about 120 km above Astrakhan/Caspian Sea.
“ Also for the Mongols the mighty Prince of Novgorod was very useful, for 1259 he succeeded with massive military pressure in enforcing the tributariness of the Mongols in the rich trading republic, too ” (Frithjof Benjamin Schenk op. cit.).
“ After the subjection of the principality Vladimir-Suzdal by the armies of Batu Khan 1238 her rulers had to travel to Sarai to receive the princely title from the Khan of the Golden Horde “ (German Wikipedia, December 2020). To which request also Alexander Nevsky had to submit.
Sarai (God-guarded House) was founded by Batu Khan (reigning 1236-1255; grandson of Genghis Khan) in the early 1240s as capital of his newly established khanate of the Golden Horde. Situated on the Silk Road, about 120 km upriver from Astrachans on the Akhtuba as a tributary of the Volga, it developed into one of the largest cities of mediaeval Eurasia with up to c. 600 thousend multi-ethnic inhabitants on 10 10 km along the river. One hundred years later with New Sarai a relocation of the capital was effected by about 60 km further upstream near today’s Kolobovka (formerly Tsarev).
Traditionally a khanate consisted of one right and left wing each of one horde each differring in white and blue color, yet under uniform name. The attribution of present one now to its riches, now to the color of the tent of the founder of the dynasty. With a reach of action from East Europe to West Siberia with the till today expressly documented inclusion of the Crimea (Crimean Tartars),
Details of the geographically partly still inaccurate map 7 Bjelgorod/Kiev of the Atlas Russicus. – On the full map see the caption to above map 5, Smolensk/Kiev/Bjelgorod/Woronesh. Contrary to its peaceful cartouche the present one more correspondingly dedicated to a triumph over the Turkish Crescent. The latter’s guidons, tools, and dead dispersed on the ground, triumphant, however, the Russian double eagle with crown and victorious spearhead, laterally complemented by the globe under the cross.
the Golden Horde belonged
“ to the late medaeval major powers of eastern Europe. Until about 1360 it was tightly organized, but then fell into internal conflicts about the legacy of the extinct lines of the founding khans Batu and Berke. From the middle of the 15th century several khanates spun off … Large parts of the territory about the Dnepr where lost to the Grand Duchy Lithuania … Besides the Golden Horde was faced by the Russian principalities gaining strength under the lead of Moscow. Mamai’s attempt to weaken Russia by a new great raid lead 1380 to the complete routing of his army by united Russian forces under Dmitri Donskoy in the battle on the Kulikovo Field. Indeed 1382 under Khan Tokhtamysh the Mongols took revenge on the Russians in a bloody, this time successful campaign and created a great bloodbath i. a. in Moscow, yet with the – albeit for the time being not yet final – Russian triumph of 1380 the invincible Mongols had been debunked and the foundation laid for a new confidence of the Russians ” (German Wikipedia as above).
But already 1366 “(Old) Sarai had been sacked and burnt down by the Russian Ushkuyniks”.
Individual map 11 of the Atlas Russicus with the Akhtuba as limitation to the cartouche. The Russian army behind the banner of the double eagle with the czar’s crown. In front killed Mongols.
“ We offer anyone the hand
who cometh to us peacefully as guest .
Should it, however, occur to someone
to come with the sword
we will put him to death
with the sword.
“ This word is valid
always remain valid
our Russian soil ”
Banner as résumé of Sergei M. Eisenstein’s
1938 Alexander Nevsky in the figure of Nikolay Cherkasov
in the IceStorm Film Distribution
And 1395 New Sarai met the same, albeit self-inflicted fate by the hand of the Central Asian Mongol leader Timur Tamerlane. On occasion of his raid then also the Crimea was devastated. Split from the mid of the 15th century, the remaining realm of the Golden Horde was also referred to as Great Horde. By now ancillary stories of yesterday. While
the breath of Alexander Nevsky
Detail of the general map of the Atlas Russicus measuring 56.5 × 98 cm. Joining Europe and Asia.
still today breezes through the country.
“ Especially government and ecclesiastical authorities maintain the legacy of Alexander Nevsky in today’s Russia. In December 2010 the Russian president for the first time bestowed the national Alexander Nevsky Order of Merit of the Russian Federation, which ties in with the tradition of same-named honorings in the Russian Empire and the USSR. Already 2007 the Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov celebrated the hero from the 13th century as the founder of a flexible Russian foreign policy which should be open for alliances with different partners in West and East … In 2021
the 800th birthday
of a man shall be celebrated in Russia in grand style
whom many Russians venerate as national hero and whom some even consider the most significant personality of their own history … Also within the ROK the birthday preparations run at full speed. Here the plans are conducted by no less than Patriarch Kirill.
“ The rememberance of Alexander Nevsky ,
that is made clear by the activities for his 800th birthday, experiences a remarkable boom in today’s Russia … ”
(Frithjof Benjamin Schenk, op. cit.).
Good to know that in this unagitatedness will be in charge. And already
“ in 2008 the Russian television audience (chose)
as the person of the greatest consequence
in the history of Russia. ”
So in the lead to Schenk’s article in above quarterly OST-WEST (OWEP).
The stations of this forward rushing live
as throughout always to be opened
in the here available design copy of the
from 1745 by the Imperial Academy of Sciences established 1725 by Peter the Great with its repeatedly folded general map as the second Russian (56.5 × 98 cm / 22¼ × 38⅝ in) and the 19 double full-page detail maps (c. 49-50 × 56 cm / c. 19¼-19¾ × 22 in) after Joseph Nicolas De L’Isle (1688 Paris 1768) and others, all in engraving in deep contemporary full coloring
of the entire quality of its age
as exceedingly rare ,
as the decisive milestone
on the path into modern Russia
276 years ago ,
accompanied by title sheet & 14-page text part .
The latter as a description of the maps in regards of limitation, creation, exactness, and execution of the survey; transcription of the Russian alphabet; partly extensive explanations of Russian words; engraved legend with rich keys down to salterns and hot springs. In Latin-French parallel text (Russian-German version still the same year with lesser text lead = Phillips 4059 and 3109 resp., each with erroneous reference for map 19 “showing the extreme point of Alaska and the Aleutian islands”, recte rather Kamchatka & Kurile Islands).
Text part with Honig watermarks HONIG / IV & large fleur de lis with crown with ligated pendant WR. – 1 map trimmed within the lower margin of the map, but without injuring of the subject itself, 5 maps trimmed on or with loss of upper or lower borderline resp., 1 map each trimmed within the white platemark at cut or loss of miles indicator and numbering resp. Otherwise only isolated small backed margin tears and two not disturbing tear offs.
Extravagantly bound in
with brown pastedown & fly-leaf with gilt stampings, including on the back pastedown large ligated RS monogram as brand of the Red Series here as centerpiece as well as stamped red series and niemeyer fine arts resp. on the inner lower edges & JayAitchDesign on the back lower edge. Paled marble color edge. In uniform half yuft slipcase (53 × 33 × 3 cm), the black Efalin paper cover coating of which repeating
the Petersburg double anchor in gilt tooling .
Offer no. 16,278 | price on application