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“ Impotent Wrath causes One’s Own Doom ”

Jumbo for President !

Johann Elias Grimmel, Elephant

Johann Elias Grimmel (Russian Илья Гриммель, Memmingen 1703 – Petersburg 1759, where in 1741 he was appointed court painter supposedly at the suggestion of the Russian legation councilor at The Hague). Elephant. Male animal from front laterally to the left. Colored etching with engraving by Johann Elias Ridinger (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Inscribed: ELEPHAS. / Elephant. / Elephant. / Familia V. Fünffhufige. / J. El. Grimmel ad viv. del. St. Petersb. / Joh. El. Ridinger fecit et excud. Aug. Vind. 12¼ × 8⅛ in (31 × 20.5 cm).

Thienemann & Schwarz 1030 in the final state with the Familia line within the caption slightly moved up after the removal of the “2. (sic!, the base from which regularly the Q is developed) D. S. XIII.” referring to Jacob Theodor Klein’s Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751 and like six further ones unbeknown to Thienemann as in turn several other early states still with aforementioned reference documented per the complete copy available here.

IN THE RIDINGERS’ ORIGINAL COLORING

from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.

On C & I Honig paper as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 2-3 cm, below 5 cm wide. – A tiny brown spot in the white plate field top left.

THE WALL-EFFICIENT SPLENDID SHEET

After the Petersburg court painter Grimmel, once pupil of J. Fr. Sichelbein in Memmingen and J. van Schuppen in Vienna, “where he is ascertainable as participant in the academic prize competitions 1731-37”. The appointment to the czar’s court was made by the Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences there (see here also their Atlas Russicus), where Grimmel worked “since as much demanded ‘professor for drawing and painting from the living model’” (Th.-B. XV [1922], 50).

Offer no. 15,933 | EUR 1300. | export price EUR 1235. (c. US$ 1493.) + shipping

Impotent Wrath
causes One’s Own Doom

Johann Elias Ridinger (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). The Vengeance of a Lowly on a Mighty is pernicious (or, so in the new edition of 1825, Impotent Wrath causes One’s Own Doom). An elephant – for the Indian poets “symbol of wisdom and sympathy …

and eight elephants sustain the universe ”

(Meyer’s Konvers.-Lex., 4th ed., V, 510/II) – travelling through Europe on an educational trip inadvertently hurt a pert little fox

whereupon its whole tribe considered to punish the colossus .

Johann Elias Ridinger / The Vengeance of a Lowly on a Mighty is pernicious (Th. 771)

But quite soon “the army was pulverized”.

Etching with engraving. (1744.) Inscribed: J. E. Ridinger inv. sculp. et excud., otherwise as above in German, French, and Latin. 13¼ × 9⅞ in (33.6 × 25.1 cm).

Thienemann + Schwarz 771; Metzner-Raabe, Illustr. Fabelbuch, 1998, vol. II (Bodemann), 123.I. – Sheet 7 of the intellectually as optically exceedingly charming Instructive Fables from the Animal Kingdom for Improvement of the Manners and especially for the Instruction of Youth by which

“ Ridinger pursued a typical purpose of his epoch. A ‘Correction of Manners’ by the morale efficacy of art – albeit in a quite different manner – William Hogarth, almost of the same age as Ridinger, had attempted by his paintings and prints … Yet while Hogarth and Chodowiecki tried to gain recognition for their (identical) ideas by satirical sets, as A Rake’s Progress, 1735 … Ridinger built on the – especially suitable to him (that is, so he himself, ‘since the hoary times of the ancient ages’) – tradition of the animal fable ”

(Stefan Morét, Ridinger Catalog Darmstadt, 1999, p. 96).

And specially hereto Ridinger himself :

“ The elephant did a travel to Europe to become acquainted with the traditions there … and had the misfortune to tread off the tail of a young fox who was, by forwardness to view him, coming too near to him. The fox … set up a great shout and called to his folks to revenge this shame and insult, which this outlander had done to him. All came to terms about this and considered how they could attack so that their revenge would be carried out. It did not lack of artfulness and rage, but, nevertheless, it went off badly … This went so to heart of an old fox that he began to shout at the top of his voice:

Oh tyrannical manifestation !

No , the elephant said , on such a revenge such a deserts follows. ”

Pictorially by the way Ridinger, creating a new image type, leaving behind once more tradition and field. For, so Ulrike Bodemann in Metzner-Raabe,

“ No similarities to fable illustrations known hitherto .

Enormous image sizes filled almost entirely by the representation of a central factor of the fable tale. Surroundings mostly dense, natural wood .”

And Regine Timm, ibid., vol. I, p. 171 :

“ In his large plates Ridinger … sometimes has included vegetable growth or rocks, too, dominantly in his illustrations indeed, but without decorative intention. The plants and rocks mean the thicket, the deserted loneliness of the forest, in which the strange tales among the animals happen. ”

Ridinger’s fable image then also a highly momentous milestone within the “basic corpus of about 900 editions of illustrated fable books” up to Chagall’s Lafontaine folio with its 100 etchings worked 200 years later as downright a glaring light for the immortality of the fable illustration. – More of these highly interesting Ridinger fables here in stock.

Chronologically interesting in this connection interesting that on the other side of the channel in 1726 John Gay, famous-notorious for his “Beggars Opera” (Brecht, Threepenny Opera!), had presented by his Fables “the most important achieved hitherto by English poets in this kind” (Meyers Konvers.-Lex., 4th ed., VI, 960/II).

The watercolored original pen drawing in the same direction from the Weigel sale (not in the 1869 catalog of the bequeathed drawings), figuring as “Splendid, completely executed watercolor” per lot 110 on the 1890 Ridinger sale at Wawra in Vienna, till recently in a Bavarian Ridinger collection. The drawing in reverse used for the transfer on the copper plate was on the market in the 1980s. And a executed study of the elephant in the 1990s in America.

Splendid early impression. – Above mostly trimmed on platemark, otherwise throughout with a little margin additionally to the fine white platemark itself. Brown stipples in the left ear of the elephant.

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Johann Elias Grimmel, Trained Elephant

Johann Elias Grimmel (Russian Илья Гриммель, Memmingen 1703 – Petersburg 1759). Trained Elephant. Dressed up and painted (“spruced up like a festive ox”), striding to the front, his driver on him. As before, again transferred into the copper by Johann Elias Ridinger himself. Inscribed: ELEPHAS. / Abgerichter Elephant. / Elephant dressé. / Familia V. Fünffhufige. / J. El. Grimmel ad viv. del. St. Petersb. / Joh. El. Ridinger fecit et excud. Aug. Vind. 12¼ × 8⅛ in (31.2 × 20.6 cm).

Thienemann & Schwarz 1032 in the first state before the removal of the “2. (sic!, the base from which regularly the Q is developed) D. S. XIII.” as reference to Jacob Theodor Klein’s Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751 unbeknown to Thienemann.

With Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein of the Ludolph estate, which comprises nothing but original items.”

The third of the triple pack of Petersburg pachyderms drawn from life by Grimmel and disseminated in copper by father (2) & son Ridinger

IN THE RIDINGERS’ ORIGINAL COLORING

from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.

Beside the Crane at Oldenburg the prime plate,

whose mounted driver

became victim of the shortening of the plates

— “ what looks bad ” (Th.) —

in the uncolored 1824/25 new edition .

On C & I Honig paper as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses

“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works

“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 1.7-3.5 cm, below 4.6 cm wide. – Two little brown spots in the upper white plate field.

Offer no. 15,935 | EUR 1400. | export price EUR 1330. (c. US$ 1608.) + shipping

  1. “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)
  2. op. cit.

“ At this time we are on our boat … I hope you extend the same faith in me as I have in you in paying for this sizable sum in advance (sight unseen) in the expectation of delivery … Best regards ”

(Mr. P. C., July 22, 2002)