Adolf Closs

xylographer & typographer
1840 Stuttgart 1894

Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon (AKL)
vol. XIX, 1998, p. 587 :

“ Twin brother of (the landscape-painter) Gustav Paul C. … Training to a xylographer with Messrs. Allgaier & Siegle in Stuttgart and 1859/60 with Brend’amour in Dusseldorf. Establishes in 1861 together with his colleague Ruff own xylographic institute in Stuttgart, whose exclusive owner he becomes in 1869 and

which becomes one of the best addresses in Germany

(with temporarily up to 30 journeymen). C. is decisively involved in

that in this time the wood engraving

becomes an important practice of reproduction.

Art journeys together with the twin brother result not only in own wood engravings and small paintings, but

led to own painterly treatment of the engraving,

by whose technical brilliance

C. soon becomes one of the best of the profession. ”


Thieme-Becker ,
Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler,
vol. VII, 1912, p. 114 :

“ At his time C. was one of the best (wood engravers)

in Germany. ”

After Closs’ death the xylographic institute is taken over by his pupil Carl Staud (b. Stuttgart 1847).

For the general importance of the wood engraving see also Osteneck, Zur xylographischen Darstellung im 19. Jahrhundert, in Lüneburger Beiträge zur Vedutenforschung, 1983, pp. 120 ff. & Hanebutt-Benz, Studien zum deutschen Holzstich im 19. Jahrhundert, Frankfort on the Main 1984.

“ Sir, yes, (the Rubens) is closer to the one in London (recte Dresden), but the one we have is on copper. Thank you for your time. Highest regards, D… A… (and yes America could use a blessing about now) ”

(Mr. D. A., November 4, 2003)