Representative Colored Wall-Map
Spain – Portugal – Val(c)k, Gerard (1651/52 Amsterdam 1726). Regna Hispaniarum atque Portugalliæ: Ex recenti, summâ curâ. Et variô punctorum charactere, Suas in Provincias, Territoria et Dioeceses; Geographicè, Politicè, Ecclesiasticè. With splendidly decorated title (10 × 12¾ in [25.5 × 32.5 cm]) and dedication cartouche (6½ × 8⅛ in [16.5 × 20.5 cm]), both with Spanish-German and French-Italian miles indicator resp., as well as small separate map of Minorca (3⅜ × 3½ in [8.5 × 9 cm]), and conventional signs. Colored
wall-map to the landing
of Archduke Charles of Austria,
on the Iberian Peninsula
in the course of the Spanish War of Succession as a European Event
including Majorca, Minorca and the Straits of Gibraltar with the northern tip of Morocco engraved on 4 joined sheets. 1704. Inscribed: Amstelodm, ex Offic. G. Valk. Cum Privilegio, Potentiß. D. D. Ordinum, Hollandiæ et West-frisiæ. / by G. Valk, met Privilegie van haar Ed: Groot Mog. de Staaten van Holland en West-vriesland / Annô hôc intercalari MDCCIIII, otherwise as above. 38⅜ × 45½ in (97.5 × 115.5 cm).
Not in Koeman (1969) & Phillips (1909-63), unknown to Tooley’s Dictionary (1979, there only the wall-maps of world & continents from 1680; the Asia map mentioned in IMAGO MUNDI XXXV, p. 31 par. 5 as of “c. 1700”). – Whether it was comprised in the 6-vol. Valk-Atlas Nova totius geographica telluris projectio of c. 1717 – “With 508 maps far larger than any recorded by Koeman” – sold at Sotheby’s London April 4, 1989, lot 199, must be left undecided. Also if the description of British Library signature 18185 (12), as should be supposed, relates to this map for it is not marked as a four sheet map as with comparable maps. So, e. g., Mortier’s wall-map of Spain – cf. following paragraph – K. 71.21, which is preceded by a later one of the same title, but without such addition, per 18315 (4). Also Valk’s set of wall-maps of the world and continents explicitly recorded with their measures. – Apart from that
not in the 1971-2000 noble lists edited by the British Library
of international Notable Acquisitions and Unusual Items that have come up for Sale in Imago Mundi (as the one and only wall-map of the Iberian Peninsula there for 1984 the Gastaldi map of 1544; known otherwise the copy of Mortier’s aforementioned wall-map of c. 1704-06 traded here into a Rhenish collection and, after its reacquisition more than twenty years later, acquired immediately by a public library in 1993, thus taking it off the market, whose statements of its cartouches effectively link to Valk’s present map. In such a manner then both a
CARTOGRAPHIC RARITY OF THE HIGHEST ORDER
and due to its focusing on the Spanish War of Succession (1701-1714)
of eminent historical bearing :
in 1704 as also with respect to other events significant year of war the future Emperor Charles VI – son of Emperor Leopold I (d. 1705), brother of his successor Joseph I (d. 1711) – , “after he had been
proclaimed as Charles III king of Spain
in Vienna in 1703” (Meyers Konvers.-Lex., 4th ed., IX , 518), disembarked with 12000 men of allied English-Dutch troops first in Lisbon, then, as loyal to him, too, in Catalonia for which he kept a great lifelong affection earning him the byname “the Catalonian”. On occasion of the peace agreement 1714 he is said to have said that
“ on his death one shall find the name Barcelona
engraved into his heart ”
(ADB XV, 212). The dedication of the map follows these events:
“ PRINCIPI CAROLO LEOPOLDI CÆSARIS
Filio, secundò genito;
IMPERATORVM MAGNO, et QVINTO …
Totus dum Acclamat Orbis;
VIVat HIspanorVM,. Penes EVropæos,
InDos et VtrosqVe, TertIVs ReX CaroLVs ”!
The date thus first – as very rare with maps – given as chronogram, then repeated by above fine reference to the leap-year as downright cream of the crop delicacy.
The landing first in Lisbon not peradventure, for the year before Dom Pedro II of Portugal had joined the great Habsburg alliance. August 3, 1704 then the allied English conquered Gibraltar under George Byng, Lord Vicomte of Torrington (also ask for the politically highly charged anonymous biography of his son John Byng, executed as Admiral of the White Flag), to keep it in their possession to date. Less durable the fortunes of war were for Charles.
Indeed 1705 he could hold Valencia, Catalonia and Aragon, also 1706 Madrid could be occupied by an English-Portuguese army, only to be lost again the following year along with the southern provinces to Philipp V, the nephew of Louis XIV of France. After a further turning point of the war Charles could indeed enter Madrid again in September 1709 – already 1708 he had wed Elizabeth of Brunswick-Luneburg in Barcelona – which, however, was followed in December 1710 by a humiliating defeat of his army. Preceding the turn of the general political climate in 1711, not least in consequence of his own gain in power as successor to Emperor Joseph I, in the context of which he still had appointed his spouse as regent of Spain before he returned to Germany.
Detail: Gibraltar & the tip of Morocco with Tanger and Ceuta
representative colored wall-map
is the welcome address by an entrepreneur of the allied party to a decisive event as not without precedent. So forty years later, 1744, Ridinger dedicated two Bavarian local works – one of which available here – to the Wittelsbach Elector Charles Albert on occasion of his return to Munich as Emperor Charles VII, for what he was thanked by hereditary grant of arms hitherto not known to literature. And to the 1763 peace settlement at Hubertusburg (Seven Years’ War) his Hubertusburg Badger.
Certainly not by chance then, too, that the map was furnished with road net ( “‘s Heeren ofte Groote Weegen” ), for what it likewise is an early example. Apart from that
of exceeding decoration
where the cartouches, following the fashion of the time up to the Atlas of the Great Elector, had been left in black and white.
The figural title cartouche, situated in the right lower part of the map, arranged as pedestal carried by the waves, with the title rock lined by garland of vine and fruits and crowned by a blowing cherub. On the left two Nereids, holding up a three masted ship and blowing a column of water respectively. Center piece on the right supposedly Athena in scale armor as protectrix of the state, in the right scepter and Spanish royal crown, holding a laurel branch in the left. At her feet Bacchus with grapes. Behind her an angel about to decorate her with a laurel wreath. Laterally behind Mars with lance and shield displaying in particular bolts of lightning.
Opposite on the left the dedication cartouche as a lion skin stretched between the two columns of a pedestal. In-between in the center the signs and symbols. On both sides of this address and privilege note.
Valk here thus without “c” as already below the title text and followed in the more recent literature by Tooley, e.g. the Dictionary, as opposed to the traditional spelling up to Koeman. Valk himself indeed signed with “c”, too, yet generally without. Cf. Koeman’s Valk listing in vol. III, pp. 137 ff. or per C & M 10 in vol. II, e.g. pp. 18 ff. or 48 ff.
The preservation, due to use and storing regularly negative criterion of these wonderful large maps with the result of corresponding rarity, virtually perfect. Center and three longitudinal folds, one of which with really small, acid-freely backed fracture. Likewise treated the few, mostly tiny tears in the white paper margin of 3-3.5 cm, of which the two longest measure up to 1.5 cm. The print itself on heavy paper of immaculate freshness. Shortly,
a cartographic rarissimum in best-preserved copy .
Offer no. 28,680 / price on application
„ … sowie herzlichen Dank für Ihre Ausführungen zur Kulturgeschichte / Ihr … “
(Herr H.-J. W., 7. Januar 2010)