Circular regulating Street Musicians (Salzburg Feb 3, 1804)

Circular by the Electoral State Government Salzburg of February 3, 1804, regarding the repeal of the patents of the street musician principals for the purpose of immediately ensuing “Regulation of the Profession of Street Musicians”. No place & printer, (1804). Sm. fol. 1 p. With printed signatures of baron von Moll as director and the secretary von Frohn (presumably Friedrich von Frohn).

FRAMING-FINE  BROADSHEET  on laid paper uncut on three sides. – Written contemp. inv. no. 148 in the wide margin lower left.

Carl Ehrenbert von Moll (Thalgau 1760 – Augsburg 1838), chancellor of the exchequer for Salzburg since 1790, since 1791 in addition director of the salt, coinage and mining authority,

“ gained great merits for the improvement of the land, the drainage projects … forestry, mining and by social actions ”

(F. J. Fischer, Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon VI [1975], p. 353).

Besides in mutual fertilization rich activity, also in writing, as naturalist and geologist with comprehensive mineral collection, herbarium and corresponding library:

“ Notwithstanding the manifold and comprehensive occupation of a responsible chief administrative officer of the country, with his eminent gifts M. still found enough time to apply a good deal of his powers to the scientific occupation and the cultivation of music, which he was fond of. He entertained a lively correspondence not only with the most important scholars … ”

(Wilhelm v. Gümbel, Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie XXII [1885], p. 112).

In the course of secularization appointed director of the provincial government and Salzburg district president in late 1803, he resigned already the other year and entered into Bavarian service in December 1804, where he could apply himself increasingly to his naturalist interests.

During this period his library grew to 80000 volumes, of which the university library in Moscow, burnt 1812 during the French occupation, purchased 50000 volumes against a life annuity in 1824. Further 20000 volumes went to the British Museum. Besides i. a. a portrait collection of 66200 sheet and a collection of de luxe prints. And summing up, Wurzbach quotes from Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius’ obituary:

“ The spirit of humanism was embodied in him … His numerous writings include true reports composed with expert knowledge on the then progress in mineralogy, geognosis and their ancillary disciplines, sparkling and substantial original contributions by colleagues, a treasure of reports on the country’s natural history and national economy and on the improvement in mining, salterns and metallurgy and served as contemporary ferment … ”

(Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon XIX [1868], pp. 7 f.). – Otherwise

“ He was quite familiar with the musical literature of that epoch … He admired Handel, Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven; however, Jos. Haydn, whose cheerful and humorous Muse corresponded the most with his own nature, was his favorite “

(Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, Akademische Denkreden [1866], S. 111).

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