is recognized as Shield against Illness :
“ Besides the dogs have to be kept unvaryingly clean; therefore they have to be bathed, brushed or combed frequently, their kennels, feeding and watering troughs … be cleaned ”
(Regulations, for the Inhabitants of the Towns and the Country, from the Mandate published under 2 April 1796, regarding the restriction of the keeping of dogs and the danger to be feared from mad dogs, along with the associated annexes “Causes of the Hydrophobia of the Dogs and the Symptoms of such Rabies” and “Instruction How one has to behave in Case of a Bite of Mad Dogs, and guard against its Sad Consequences”.) (Dresden) 1797. Sm. 4to (8⅛ × 6¾ in [20.5 × 17 cm]). 24 pp. Stitched and with yarn loop top left.
File number “Nom: 24” by old hand on title. This browned and somewhat stain-spotted and with small inconspicuous worm-gallery affecting quite minimally still the second sheet.
The version used for posting
of the extraordinarily substantial decree
on combating & curing hydrophobia,
in as short as memorable sentences.
Commencing with the order “not to keep useless and unnecessary dogs”. In particular not by the “poor, who are supported by the local handout-office, without special permission by the authority, and then no more than one per family”.
Dogs running about without muzzle shall be captured at night strictly, otherwise as required, but not under twice a year, and can be redeemed at eight – in case of their capture by the night-watchman 16 – ten-pfennig pieces, irrespective of further punishment. Also shall peasants, coachmen, butchers, and others bring dogs to town “chained up under the car” at most, just as generally in town and country dogs shall not be left running about, but are to be kept on a the chain, furnished “with a bite strap, or so-called muzzle” or lead on ropes. However, if a rabid dog is reported, all others shall be locked up until the danger is over.
Realized as not etiological and therefore here as in said mandate no longer mentioned the obligation to cut the so-called mad worm once enforced by penalty. However, now
— this is the introduction of the precautionary quarantine ! —
“ Everyone shall make himself acquainted (with the symptoms described in annex I), observe his dogs constantly, and on perception of but the remotest symptoms of a befalling madness lock up the same, also, if the arisen surmise proves true, haven them killed and buried immediately. ”
And upon the quarantine follows the complete hygiene :
“ no killed mad dog, or the live stock bitten by it, is to be touched with bare hands, nor, at a penalty of 5 thaler, thrown into a river, creek, or other water, but
buried 2 yards deep and covered with chalk
with everything by which one has touched such animals .
“ All pieces of clothing, beds, resting-place, and other tools a sick person bitten by a rabid dog has used, likewise the garments a rabid dog has touched, albeit it has not bitten the attacked person, shall be burned with the precaution ordered in section 9., or buried 2 yards under ground. ”
Of outstanding interest — and adopted unabridged almost throughout verbatim from the mandate — furthermore yet the 5½-page description on the causes of hydrophobia, compared with the decree of 1782 enriched by new aspects and almost doubled in volume, yet foremost, freed not least of some absurdities, too, the
10-page instruction on the treatment of a bitten person
with all details on the cleansing the wound, hygiene, rest, temperature, food – elder bloom tea – and cheering care, without intending to substitute the consultation of a physician or – at least – a qualified barber surgeon as quickly as possible. As against the decree of 1782 yet also adding
the instruction for first self-help
as also the ligature of the affected part of the body ,
“ so that the sucking in of the poison is prevented ”.
In such a manner not only demonstrating exemplarily the transformation of chancellery’s law into everyday life, but foremost a
first-rate medical & hygiene historical evidence .
“ The most confused ideas existed about the character of the agent causing rabies … Even the cord of connective tissue present under the tongue with carnivores, which was described as ‘mad worm’, was said to be responsible for the development of the disease with these animals. In many regions therefore dog owners were required by statutory orders to have the ‘mad worm’ of their dog removed …
“ Already Gracius Faliscus, a contemporary of Ovid’s († 18 AD), told the tale of the worm under the tongue as cause of the madness which then was spread by Plinius (23-79 AD) in his natural histories – quoted from Froehner [in Abhandlungen aus der Geschichte der Veterinärmedizin, issue 4, Leipsic] 1925, page 78 – … ”
(Günther Schlieker, Die Verehrung des hl. Hubertus [as patron saint against rabies, too], 2016, pp. 11/I & 13 per 3/10).
Realized as not etiological, the worm cutting order as the core of the 1782 decree here then, as elsewhere, too – so for Prussia 1797 (ban on curing sick dogs, suggestions for the treatment of bitten men) – revoked and the main points evaluated anew.
Here then additionally attractive lastly the
cord-attached version for posting.
Offer no. 13,083 / EUR 345. / export price EUR 328. (c. US$ 397.) + shipping
„ herzlichen Dank für die rasche und ausführliche Behandlung meiner Anfrage. Ich bestelle hiermit beide o. a. Gebote … bin ich auch mit Vorauszahlung einverstanden “
(Frau R. R., 20. November 2002)