Important for the Development
of Russian + Far Eastern Cartography
The Rare Utrecht Broedelet Edition
Russia – Haas (also Ha(a)se, Hasio), Johann Matthias (Augsburg 1684 – Wittenberg/Augsburg 1742). Imperii Russici et Tartariae universae tabula novissima. Kaert van Het geheele Russische Keizerryk. Mitsgaders Groot en Klein Tartaryen … nu vermeerdert met nieuwe ontdekkingen in’t Jaer 1739 door den Kapitein Span(g)berg. (Map of the whole Russian empire. Together with Major and Minor Tartary … now enlarged with new discoveries in the year 1739 by captain Span(g)berg.) With title riband + cartouche as well as threefold miles indicator. Colored map engraving of Russia for Johannes Broedelet (1722-1769) in Utrecht. 1743. 21⅜ × 24⅜ in (54.4 × 61.8 cm).
BMC K.112.9; Niemeyer, Rußlands Aufbruch in die Moderne – Peter der Große und die Entwicklung der russischen Kartographie, Bonn 1991, 3 + illustrations (in German)
Early impression of extraordinary freshness
and still with fine plate dirt, especially in the far area of the up to 3.5 cm wide platemark. Furthermore with slender, only below somewhat narrow paper margin. Centerfold largely taken out.
Haas, professor for mathematics, early turned to geography and cartography. After his appointment to Wittenberg
“ (he) devoted himself … with eagerness to cartography, established contacts with Homann’s publishing house and by means of his larger historical map works, as by single, at his time much used maps he published – ‘very fine and accurate maps … of the Russian empire’, Jöcher II, 1392 f. – he has contributed to bring German cartography on independent ways close to the French models without slavishly imitating these”
(Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie X, 743 f.).
Martin Pedersen Spangberg (Мартын Петрович Шпанберг, Strandby 1696 – Kronstadt 1761) commanded one of the two Pacific divisions of Bering’s second Kamchatka expedition (Great Northern Expedition, 1733-1743) and was in charge of the exploration of a sea route to the mouth of the Amur River and further to Japan, which he reached in 1739 after he had come to the Kurile island of Urup already the year before, and had mapped 31 further islands of the archipelago during the return.
In historic-cartographic respect of special interest
the use of most recent, mostly Russian cartographic knowledge in this generally
“ very rare map ”
(Lexikon der Kartographie 287) published first 1730, then 1738 (“Along with the draft of an explanation on that”) at Homann Heirs. So i. a. the representation of Sakhalin as an island, as shown first by Ivan Kirilov 1734 in the first Russian general map which is followed, in distinct contrast to Haas’s at least in this region backward map of Asia published the following year by likewise Homann Heirs, in regard of Hokkaido and the Kurile Islands –
yet indeed still with the legendary designations Terra Eso Yedso, Terra Statuum Statenland I., and Terra Societatis Batavicæ it Vasques Gamæ – here, too, though its almost left white outline is filled with rich local designations. This even much more eye-catching in the representation of Japan together with the smaller and smallest islands adjacent to both SE and SW. Here also Shikoku appears correctly as island and Noto Peninsula as such.
Further to the northeast at the Bering Strait St. Lawrence Island, discovered 1728 by Vitus Bering (1680/81-1741) in the course of his first Kamchatka expedition, yet too small and situated too close to the mainland, followed northwards by Diomede Island (“I. S. Demetrii”) likewise far too close to the mainland. The end of the then northern advances marked at the polar circle per “Terminus litorum a Navarcho Beerings recognitorum”, whereas the further course of the coast of Chukotsk Peninsula up to Cape Szalaginskoi (Cape Shelagskiy) is known only as “Littora ex relationibus accolarum et conjecturis saltem cognita”, from relations anymore.
Of significant interest the entry of the Volga-Don Canal highly topical in those years in both its versions then. So, based on a venture started by Sultan Selim II in 1568, the
plan Leibniz sketched in 1697
connecting the tributaries Ilovlya + Kamyshenka as also repeated in a map of Cornelis Cry’s atlas of the River Don from 1703. Then, situated somewhat southerly, the connection Zarizyn (Volgograd) – Kachalinsk first appearing in the great manuscript travel map of Russia of c. 1683 and almost similar to the course of the canal completed in 1952. For more see Leo Bagrow, The Volga-Don Canal, in IMAGO MUNDI X, 97 f.
In the area of the Asian northern coast some omissions reveal the use of old material though. So Novaya Zemlya – among its numerous entries Cape Nassau, today Cape Mauritius, the Asian North Cape, and the Ice Harbor where Willem Barents (mid 16th cent. – Novaya Zemlya 1697) passed the winter from August 1596 till June 1597 – is shown with an eastern continental connection as Terra Jelmer detecta 1664.
Here Haas had, as further data of that time entered in this area show, dated material. For the character of an island was already stated in Homann’s guiding map of Russia of 1725. The same goes for the Szalaginskoi (Shelagskiy) Islands before the northeastern coast of Chukchi (Chukotsk) Peninsula , recorded already in Ides’ map of 1704 as also on a local map by L’vov, 1711, that together served Homann for his new map and which by now had been treated finally in regard of the position, too. In the general map of the Atlas Russicus published 1745 by the Petersburg Academy they are also missing though.
In the recording of the Asian region
now already going far beyond Kirilov
and, since reaching besides of Taiwan till south of Canton – Hong Kong – Macao and the northern part of the province Tonkin,
comprising almost all of China .
Further North India up to Kathiawar Peninsula, Persia with the northern end of the Persian Gulf, Mossul – Black Sea – Danube Delta – Krakow – Brunswick – Hanover – Bremen – York – Isle of Man – Northern Ireland . With Spitsbergen and the North Pole. – Text in Latin, occasionally – so miles indicator + denomination of the Null Meridian – also with Dutch parallel text.
The only one of Broedelet’s very rare occasional maps
Koeman II, 26 mentions by name .
Quoting Otten’s omnibus atlases as source for the one here it does not figure, however, in the map index preserved in Wolfenbüttel, published between 1737 and before 1750, but may originate from the edition Phillips 3495 for which 1745 is thought to be the likely year of publishing. The copy here numbered by hand on the back as sheet 96 though while Phillips quotes it as sheet 97. Tooley’s Dictionary only mentions the predecessor G. Broedelet there as publisher of Relandus’ map of Japan (1715) + Hennepin’s North America (1697). Before both Broedelets not in Bagrow and Bonacker.
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