Gaspard Dughet, Cæcilia Metella's Mausoleum

Dughet, Gaspard (called Gaspard Poussin, 1615 Rome 1675). Cæcilia Metella’s Mausoleum. One of the best-preserved monuments along the Via Appia in the middle distance of a fine landscape. In front water and figurines, on the other bank shepherd with goats. Steel engraving by William French (c. 1815 – East Grinstead 1898). 3rd quarter of the 19th century. Inscribed: Belvedere. / Caspar (sic!) Poussin pt. / W. French sc., otherwise as above. 7⅜ × 5½ in (18.7 × 14 cm).

“ 1631-35 (Dughet) lived as pupil of Nicolas Poussin in his house … where besides many other artists from beyond the Alps also Claude Lorrain lived. Poussin recognized the talent of D. as landscapist and furthered his interests. He advised him to study directly from nature … The more than 400 paintings from all his creative periods … show D. as the landscape painter of the Roman Seicento who as no one else knew to portray the greatness and beauty of the landscape of the Roman Campagna … In England D. certainly has found his greatest admirers, esp. of his late landscapes, which still strongly influenced landscapists like Richard Wilson and John Constable. The paintings of D. and Claude Lorrain in English collections also played a quite essential part in the invention of the English landscape garden … Among the German artists of the late 18th and early 19th centuries living in Italy particularly Johann Christian Reinhart and Joseph Anton Koch have trained themselves at D.s paintings … ”

(Dieter Graf, Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon XXX, 2001, 391).

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(Herr H.-J. W., 7. Januar 2010)