“ (For) the excellence … especially of the hunting pieces
Mellin … Wildungen and Hartig could be cited … ”
Tischbein II, Johann Heinrich (Haina, Hesse, 1742 – Cassel 1808). (Collection of One Hundred and Seventy Engravings after Drawings by … entirely etched in copper.) Zwickau, Literatur- und Kunst=Comptoir, between 1808 + 1827. Large fol. 2 unpag. ll. title, preface + contents and besides an additional old washed brush drawing in grey + brown by other hand
170 (1 of which exchanged) etchings
(2⅛-8⅜ × 2⅝-10⅞ in [5.4-21.2 × 6.7-27.7 cm]), 10 of these (partially) colored, in original mounting in points on 59 sheet.
Ruby red morocco
with 5 ornamental raised bands with green back-plate, artist’s name on front cover + ridinger handlung niemeyer on its inner cover, Ridinger stag vignette and line on both boards, all gilt tooled in 23.5 carat, in equal half leather slipcase with the stag vignette on both boards.
Nagler (1848) 43, not quite correctly (so then, too, before, p. 514, “about 184”) as
“ Complete Edition of his Works ” .
So not included from his single listing 1-39 items 1-3 (statue of landgrave Frederick II of Hesse, portraits of spouses Kästner), 8/9 (Augustus + Cinna, Augustus at Alexander’s Grave), 14 (Old Female Beggar), 29 (Stags in Landscape after Potter) + 39 (Grasshopper Flight near Bender, “rare to be found and he himself talking of “about 184” elsewhere, while 1939 Thieme-Becker, all etching exercises included, come to about 350 sheet. In any case the collection present here is
the most comprehensive edition
and therefore the documentation of the work pure and simple,
dominated by the animal and hunting pieces
but nevertheless of course offering far more, also warming up the animal pieces by local stuff.
Worked after pictures especially also of the legendary art gallery at Cassel whose First Inspector he was for decades, as after designs of his uncle and teacher, Johann Heinrich I, the “Cassel Tischbein”, and own ones from nature
as results of not least his personal passion for the hunt .
With just the use of most different copper techniques, repeatedly also of colored papers, presenting the eye with optical variety and charming view-points. This special spectrum then also stressed by Walter Schürmeyer as an essential artistic characteristic sui generis:
„ This nephew of the famous Johann Heinrich T. (I) was
an extremely industrious and skilled etcher .
He illustrated his ‘Abbreviated Treatise on the Art of Etching’ (Cassel 1790) with 84 sheets etched by himself. Already in 1785 the ‘Attempts of Several Manners in Etching’ (12 sheet after older masters) had been published. 1789 he again published ‘Attempts in Etched Sheets in Several Manners’ (64 ll.). The complete edition of his works comprises 170 sheet (sic!) after older masters (as as exclusively not correct, see above). After his death 50 of his sheets became a set ‘The Fair Game’ in Zwickau in 1827 (Nagler 45; Lindner 11.2083.01 ‘… 30 not numbered sheets onto which the hunting prints are loosely mounted’, otherwise erroneously as Joh. Hch. T. I). A further set ‘Animal Studies’ same place (1827) contains 30 sheet (Nagler 45; under here previously traded other title of 36 sheet) ”
(Löffler-Kirchner, Lexikon des gesamten Buchwesens III , 402 f.).
Said compilations each of throughout old or previous impressions, trimmed in the manner of the old albums within the white platemark, in formats of 2⅛-8⅜ × 2⅝-10⅞ in (5.4-21.2 × 6.7-27.7 cm) and mounted in points on – here 59 – underlay sheets.
Billy-goats. Washed brush in grey & brown
Ten of the works are (partly) colored. Sheet 65, Two quarrelling Horsemen (Nagler 16), obviously already taken out by old and replaced by a washed brush drawing in grey + brown on old laid paper of two billy-goats near brick-work observed by a boy (5⅛ × 7¼ in [130 × 185 mm]), onto which later again an etched “Resting Group of a Billy-Goat with Two Sheep” after Johann Heinrich Roos (4¾ × 7 in [12 × 17.7 cm]; 10-13 mm wide margins) was laid upon that has been loosened at both the lower corners for lifting up.
The preservation corresponding to the excellent quality of the impressions. To be mentioned just isolated little foxing spots, only sheet 147 (Hardenberg Castle near Göttingen) especially in the sky part more impairingly, and a partially appearing faint tidemark in the right lower corner of the mounting paper.
Here available for the first time
the copy is identical with one recorded for 1964 + 1980 (too early as “c. 1800”) in the Yearbook of Auction Results and further ones have not become known here. The quite considerable rarity therefore to be assumed is supported by its
missing in the early “national” bibliographies of the 19th century,
but also in the National Union Catalogue of our days .
It results inevitably anyway just by the fact of the mounting compilation (plate dates here up to 1795). Neither Nagler nor Löffler-Kirchner mention a date for the “complete edition”, the posthumous edition of present copy results from the preface.
The sheets, executed partially with more or less, but also completely in aquatint, here and there even in vernis mou, and present in excellent print quality, are partially inscribed with name(s)/monogram of artists + date, less with title and sporadically with dedication. For those in reddish/brownish print or on colored paper see below. – Title + contents on laid paper watermarked with large fleur-de-lis and Whatman resp.
The compilation as following :
I.) Human Heads (16)
First the title engraving “Experiments in Etched Sheets by J. H. Tischbein jun” after Agricola to the 12-sheet set Nagler 40 of 1775. – Otherwise i. a. the portraits of count A. von Veltheim (on brown paper) and the Göttingen jurist Georg Heinrich Ayrer (Meiningen 1702 – 1774) as well as heads after Lievens + Jordaens (1 each) and Rembrandt (3, one of which – no. 10 – not related as after Rembrandt, but standing in connection with his self portrait to the right Bartsch 27 [ills. Schwartz, R. Etchings, 1977, no. 27] worked by Tischbein presumably after the 1634 etching in reverse by the Rembrandt pupil Joris van Vliet). Six of the works after own design.
II.) Historical Figures (19)
Four of these after Johann Heinrich Tischbein I, the uncle. – Further after Teniers (The Philosopher, rich with symbols of vanity; The Scissors-Grinder; The Skittle Players) + Rembrandt (2). – Further: Jacob blesses Joseph’s Children / Termosiris teaches Telemach in Music / Diogenes (very fine on blue paper) / Chimney-Sweep / Bagpiper / Violinist and others more.
III.) Agricultural Animals (27)
Among these the 5-sheet group of horses after Johann Georg Pforr (friend + brother-in-law of Tischbein’s, his “horse pieces generally (were) admired and praised as unsurpassed”, Nagler; here, very fine, with light bridle, blanket + portmanteau, sprightly to the left), Philip Reinagle, Johann Friedrich Steinkopf and anonymous. – Otherwise after Berchem, Potter (4, among these two horned cattle pendants “from the famous painting … in the … Gallery at Cassel … (called) the Pissing Cow” which Nagler reckons among Tischbein’s most excellent sheets; also separately available per 14,927), Willem Romeyn (also separately per 15,779), Johann Heinrich (7) + Philipp Peter (1) Roos and anonymous.
IV.) Horses and Horsemen (see to III, too) (2 instead of 3)
Besides the “Man on Horseback with Coat and with the Hat on his Head” (Nagler 17, “delicately etched”) the famous sujet “Falconer on Horseback” with two hounds (N. 15 erroneously “before two horses”) after Jan Martsen de Jonge; inscribed: M. D. Junge 1635 / J. H. Tischbein jun. f. 1785. – For the sheet of the two quarreling horsemen replaced otherwise see above.
V.) Hounds (15)
Besides Tischbein’s own pointer printed in brown with the owner’s mark “T” on the collar worth prominent rendering especially the American hound Trimm of prince Friedrich von Waldeck with the collar monogram “F. F. Z. W.” and the princely Waldeck head equerry von Schünstedt’s “famous hunting (dachs)hund Klopan drawn from life in Wildungen etched by J. H. Tischbein 1794” (so the written pre-owner’s caption in German) with the collar monogram “S” – Further Great Dane, boar hound, three greyhounds, a pointer, three hunting hounds, among these “Walkire” and further a lying hound printed in brown (delicate sheet) + Pomeranian dogs.
VI.) Hunting Pieces (9)
First as the most grandiose sheet of the œuvre the
boar hunt on blue paper
Dedicated to the captain of horse Sir von Schwertzell
(8¼ × 10⅜ in (20.8 × 26.3 cm]) by his most humble friend and servant J. H. Tischbein 1786.”. – Worth prominent rendering further Ruthart’s suspense-packed scenery of the two stags attacked by three leopards (stag + deer, colored, as with 7½ × 9⅜ in [19.2 × 23.8 cm] original-sized repetition in reverse of the Ruthart etching Hollstein 3; uncolored apart) / Potter’s Ox Hunt with the Three Horsemen and the Bison pestered by the Four Hounds, one of these – as quite unusual depiction – is thrown through the air (5⅞ × 9⅜ in [15 × 23.8 cm]) / The Boar Hunt with the Four Hounds (4½ × 6⅝ in [11.3 × 16.9 cm]; apart) / The Chief Boar hunted by a Hound (3⅝ × 6¾ in [9.1 × 17.2 cm], very delicate; apart) / The Fugitive Stag of Twelve Points at the Slope seized by the Furious Pack, three of them done though, (6⅞ × 9½ in [17.5 × 24 cm]; apart) / The shot Stag of Eight Points hunted by a Hound (5¾ × 8 in [14.5 × 20.2 cm], marvelously delicate), drawn by Tischbein from life as, too, the Hare Hawking (3⅛ × 10⅛ in [7.8 × 25.8 cm]) / The Bear tearing down a Bull (colored, 8 × 10½ in [20.2 × 26.7 cm]).
VII.) Living Game (14)
With the stag of fourteen points (?) after Ridinger (Schwarz I, XXIV “of 16 points”, 8 × 10½ in [20.4 × 26.6 cm]), inscribed: Joh: El: Ridinger del: 1734 (sic, contrary to Schwarz!) / (Dedicated to commander Sir von Veltheim by his most humble friend and servant / J. H. Tischbein jun: 1785).
Then as drawn by Tischbein from life :
Fallow-deer in the Deerpark of District President (Heinrich) von Meysenbug zu Riede (1742-1810; near Wolfhagen/Cassel, 7½ × 10⅝ in [19.2 × 27 cm]; two royal deer with fallow-doe + kid, set back on the left at the start of a tree-lined walk frolicking horse + sheep, at its end monument with figurine) / White Deer … in the Pasture near Cassel … 1787 (6 × 9¼ in [15.4 × 23.5 cm]; royal with four deer) / Fallow-Deer in the Pasture near Cassel … 1787 (5⅝ × 6¾ in [14.4 × 17 cm]; royal fallow-deer and two fallow-does, printed in delicate brown).
Furthermore a colored hind after Johann Heinrich Roos (7¼ × 6⅛ in [18.5 × 15.5 cm]; uncolored apart), three stags, a roebuck and five boars, four of these leaping, the startled fifth “(drawn from life near Wildungen … 1794 and etched by H. Tischbein)”.
VIII.) Dead Game (10)
Three stags, bucks + boars each and a chamois, all drawn by Tischbein from life. – On this the introduction :
“ According to confirmed reports a wild boar he had shot in the area of Göttingen offered the first motive to this as to his efforts in etching. Glad about his hunting luck on the spot he did a sketch of the game shot by him which he later etched. Impressions of this pleased both friends and connoisseurs so much that he, encouraged from all sides, executed several drawings and plates of game partially shot by himself and other dead game, partially of living game, from which gradually the present collection emerged. ”
IX.) Wild Winged Game (9)
After Oudry Ducks in the Reed near a Property Surprised by Predatory Bird (7⅛ × 9⅝ in [18.1 × 24.4 cm]; apart) + Pointer at Pheasants (8 × 10¾ in [20.3 × 27.4 cm]; colored; uncolored apart) / by Tischbein An Ostrich from Life in Cassel + Goshawk Striking a Duck, equally from life (apart). – Furthermore a capercaillie, vulture, black stork, pheasant, and casuar.
X.) Wild Animals (20)
All (recte 19) by Tischbein from life. In particular four lions, one of which attacking a leopard, twice the same leopard with two young ones, the first inscribed “(… with its young ones cubbed in the year 1774, in the menagerie at Cassel / H. Tischbein Jun. fec. 1783)” (5¾ × 7⅛ in [14.6 × 18.1 cm]), tiger (2), hyena, black + white bear, three wolves (the lying third of these according to the inscription after the great L. von Wildungen, Electoral Hesse head forester in Marburg), badger, beaver, young elephant (“Goethe Elephant”; came 1773 at the age of about two years as wedding present by the House of Orange for landgrave Frederick II to Cassel. 1780 killed in an accident, the skeleton was dissected by Samuel Thomas von Soemmerring as the first complete specimen of a large mammal in northern Europe. 1784 Goethe borrowed the skull for his studies on the premaxillary bone), buffalo, fox + wild tomcat, the latter “… den 19ten Febr. 1783 / H. Tischbein Jun. fec.”.
XI.) Landscapes (14)
First the title engraving “(Experiments in Etched Sheets in Different Manners by Johann Heinrich Tischbein Jun: Inspector of the Princely Gallery at Cassel)” to the 64-sheet set Nagler 4 of 1789. – Then Large Landscape after Rembrandt with the two huntsmen from 1788 (7⅛ × 10 in [18.1 × 25.5 cm]) / after Joh. Hch. Tischbein I Dwelling of Democrites (with hunter) and Cottage of Socrates resp., both “(on the Weissenstein near Cassel)” (c. 7½ × 10⅜ in [19 × 26.5 cm]) / “(Hardenberg Castle near Göttingen)” (6¼ × 7⅝ in [16 × 19.4 cm]) / “(The Old Hardenberg Castle)” (6⅛ × 7⅝ in [15.7 × 19.5 cm]) / Landscape with Water after Kobell / Ruins of a Church / Hilly Landscape with Property and Figurines after Gerbrand van den Eeckhout / Windmill at a Canal and City-Wall of a Netherlandish Town / Landscape with Tower / A Forest / Tree after supposedly Jacob van Ruisdael / Ark at Riede.
XII.) Animal Heads and Animal Rarities (14)
With the exception of an ox head by Johann Heinrich Roos all by Tischbein from life. – In particular three stag heads (one of these finely printed in brown) + one deer (with horn) heads / two heads of roebucks, one with six horns / Head of a Wild Boar / Fox with White Neck (apart) / Black Fox / two lion heads, one on blue paper, the other printed in brown / Two-headed Lamb “(… drawn in the museum at Cassel. 1786.)”.
Termosiris instructs Telemach in Music
A Group of Cattle with the Pissing Cow, after Paulus Potter
A Group of Horses with a Farmer, after Paulus Potter
A Horse, after Philip Reinagle
A Rider with Coat
A Stag which is attacked by two Leopards
A Deer Hunt
Fallow-deer, drawn from life in the Game Park of the District President (Heinrich) von Meysenbug zu Riede
A Hanging Roebuck
Ducks, after Jean Baptiste Oudry
A Standing Lion
A Polar Bear
A Landscape, after an original painting by Rembrandt
Ruin of Hardenberg Castle near Göttingen
A Lion Head
Johann Heinrich jr. “painted landscape and animals and after a longer stay in Holland he settled down in Cassel”, where in 1775 he became inspector of the gallery there especially famous for its Netherlandish paintings. He “was, too, – so Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie XXXVIII, 364 f. continues –
an able engraver ”.
On this latter occupation 50 years before Nagler remarked, however, his sheets were “indeed not without interest, but they are not of high value”. What surprises on the side of the otherwise that knowledgeable Nagler, for they distinguish themselves by great intuition + natural. Personally
“ (He loved) the hunt almost passionately
and practiced it besides his art for relaxation and amusement …
On the excellence of his works , especially the hunting pieces ,
the greatest praises of famous connoisseurs , as by a count von Mellin , von Wildungen and Hartig, could be cited, who acknowledged and praised in his works
the lucky effect of the rare unity
of the skilled artist and huntsman in one person ”
(from the foreword).
Here then present the “Complete Edition” almost comprising the whole œuvre per showcase copy within the Red Series of lüder h. niemeyer.
Offer no. 14,929 / price on application