Ridinger, Johann Elias (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). The Horse. Partly spotted bay stallion standing to the left. Colored etching/engraving. Inscribed: EQVVS. / Das Pferd. / Le Cheval. / Familia I. Einhufige. / Joh. El. Ridinger sculps. et exc. Aug. Vind. 12 × 8⅛ in (30.6 × 20.5 cm).
Thienemann & Schwarz 975. – IN THE RIDINGERS’ ORIGINAL COLORING from the unnumbered Colored Animal Kingdom created since 1754 and concluded finally posthumously not before 1773 (“Complete copies are next to untraceable”, so Weigel, Art Cat., part XXVIII, Ridinger Appendix 63a as merely 120-sheet torso, 1857 ! , but also just individual plates quite rarely on the market only, at niemeyer’s presently nevertheless the one as the others). – Remaining uncolored contrary to the prospectus, a second edition from the plates shortened even under loss of animals and with modified titling and the Ridinger inscription removed, yet now numbered, was published by Engelbrecht/Herzberg in Augsburg 1824/25.
Final state with the Familia line within the caption slightly moved up after the removal of the “J. Theod. Kleinii Secr. Gedan. 2. (sic!, the base from which regularly the Q is developed) D. S. IV.” as reference to Jacob Theodor Klein’s Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751 unbeknown to Thienemann.
With Klein (“Plinius Gedanensium”, Königsberg 1685 – Danzig 1759; town clerk in Danzig, later director of the Society of Naturalists Danzig co-founded by him, member of the Royal Society, London, and honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg; ADB XVI, 92 ff.), famous for his collections, Ridinger was in close communication and supported in his Colored Animal Kingdom undertaking in many ways, too. Following Klein’s classification according to kind and number of extremities – superceded by Linné’s anatomical classification – the early states of some plates of the set still show references to his Quadrupedum dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis of 1751, as known to Thienemann for some plates and documented here for several more by a complete copy available here. Ridinger himself emphasizes by the preface in his words of thanks “in particular the tremendously beautiful collection of P(rofessor). Klein of the Ludolph estate, which comprises nothing but original items.”
“ In a stable of 50. mares there have to be four persons for cleaning and assistance. The stud-master shall have his lodgings between this and the stallion stable, so that he could come to the aid everywhere quickly … The mother studs have to be (as yet the stallions) of no less fine healthy complexion and without some hereditary defects, therefore I do not recommend using Turkish stallions or mares, especially at setting up and at the beginning of a stud-farm, for I never found them good for horse breeding, but rather employs Spanish, French or true Danish mares ”
(Ridinger’s sons in the preamble to pt. I, pp. 9 ff., enclosed in copy).
Watermarked Strasbourg fleur-de-lis above arms + C & I Honig (type Heawood 64/Churchill 428) as that sturdy Dutch quality paper Ridinger used in line with his preamble to the Principal Colors of Horses
“on account of the fine illumination” for the colored works
“as for this purpose it is the most decent and best”. – Margins on three sides 2-3 cm, below 5.1 cm wide. – Old backed tear of 13 cm visible above the horse within the foliage and white plate/paper margin field resp. and outside of the actual subject also otherwise slightly agemarked.
Offer no. 15,936 / EUR 270. / export price EUR 257. (c. US$ 311.) + shipping
Ridinger’s Colored Animal Kingdom in Original Coloring
- “famous work which the merited naturalist Jacob Theodor Klein in Danzig published 1751 under the title: Quadrupedum Dispositio brevisque Historia Naturalis. Enlarged and revised, he had translated it into the German himself and his friend Gottfried Reyger published it 1760 under the title: J. Th. Klein’s Natural Order and Augmented History of the Quadruped Animals. Ridinger was in close communication with Klein, was supported by him in many ways in this (Animal Kingdom) undertaking and followed Klein’s system” (Th., p. 200)↩
“ … I was digging and I found you. I needed to tell you that your collection for whatever reason has brought tears to my eyes. Thank you … I’m not a collector, or I haven’t known myself to be … I was going to sell this (sheet), but I just may have discovered that I’m to keep this for whatever reason. Have you made a collector out of me … For all your devotion, hardwork … I thank you ”
(Mrs. D. H., June 17, 2002)